Cold War U. Washington D. May 12, CIA interrogation manuals written in the s and s described "coercive techniques" such as those used to mistreat detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, according to the declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive. Army intelligence manuals that incorporated the earlier work of the CIA for training Latin American military officers in interrogation and counterintelligence techniques contained "offensive and objectionable material" that "undermines U.
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The s appear to have been a time when the CIA put a tremendous amount of energy into perfecting the science of torture. It used electrical currents to inflict pain [source: The Boston Globe ].
The agency conducted trials investigating the effects of sensory deprivation [source: The Washington Post ]. The CIA found that the best methods for extracting information from detainees come not through the infliction of physical pain or torture, but through psychological torture. Although the brand of torture the CIA devised through more than a decade of trial and error may not inflict physical pain, it can still do some real damage.
There is indeed a torture manual and the CIA literally wrote it. An introverted or shy detainee might be kept naked and perhaps sexually humiliated, for example.
Clothes may also be taken simply to alienate the detainee and make him or her less comfortable. Creating a sense of unfamiliarity, disorientation and isolation seems to be the hallmarks of psychologically undermining a detainee in the purview of the KUBARK manual.
Practices like starvation, keeping inmates in small, windowless cells with unchanging artificial light and forcing inmates to sit or stand in uncomfortable positions stress positions for long periods of time have been decried or banned outright by the United States government. So, too, are using hypnosis and drugs to extract information. Physical pain, however, is ultimately deemed counterproductive by the manual.
The old adage that anticipation is worse than the experience appears to also have a basis in the shadowy field of torture. A newer book, largely a revision of the KUBARK manual, draws the same foundational conclusion -- that psychological torment is paramount to physical abuse.
The Human Resource Exploitation Manual -- was first publicized as the result of an investigative report into the human rights abuses in Honduras. Why a Draft Would Weaken the U. Prev NEXT. A Vietnamese paratrooper threatens a suspected Viet Cong soldier with a bayonet during an interrogation in
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals
The U. Army and CIA interrogation manuals are seven controversial military training manuals which were declassified by the Pentagon in The manuals in question have been referred to by various media sources as the "torture manuals". These manuals were prepared by the U.
Declassified Army and CIA Manuals
The s appear to have been a time when the CIA put a tremendous amount of energy into perfecting the science of torture. It used electrical currents to inflict pain [source: The Boston Globe ]. The agency conducted trials investigating the effects of sensory deprivation [source: The Washington Post ]. The CIA found that the best methods for extracting information from detainees come not through the infliction of physical pain or torture, but through psychological torture.
Is there a torture manual?
A selection of excerpts was distributed to the press at that time. The Pentagon press release accompanying the excerpts states that a investigation into the manuals concluded that "two dozen short passages in six of the manuals, which total pages, contained material that either was not or could be interpreted not to be consistent with U. The army manual excerpts highlighted by the Pentagon advocate tactics such as executing guerrillas, blackmail, false imprisonment, physical abuse, use of truth serum to obtain information and payment of bounties for enemy dead. Counterintelligence agents are advised that one of their functions is "recommending targets for neutralization," a term which is defined in one manual as "detaining or discrediting" but which "was commonly used at the time as a euphemism for execution or destruction," according to a Pentagon official Washington Post , September 21, What is not included in these excerpts, however, is the larger context.