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Book , Online - Google Books. Toer, Pramoedya Ananta, Previously published: Jakarta : Bintang Press, Bibliography: p. Chinese -- Indonesia. Indonesia -- Ethnic relations.
Hoakiau di Indonesia
Pramoedya Ananta Toer was undoubtedly Indonesia's most significant novelist and writer. After the publication of this book, now translated for the first time, Pramoedya spent some 20 years in prison often in appalling conditions. The book sets out in the form of nine letters much of the author's humanist and deeply anti-racialist philosophy as it discusses the history and needs of Indonesia's large and long-established Chinese population who were facing increasing official discrimination. These essays on the author and his works are by internationally recognised specialists in Indonesian history and literature.
The Chinese in Indonesia: An English Translation of Hoakiau di Indonesia
In the book, Toer who was Javanese criticized discriminatory policies imposed on Chinese Indonesians. The book is based on a series of articles published on the front page of Jakarta's biggest selling daily newspaper at the time: Bintang Timur , published by Hasyim Rahman. Toer, a humanist , engaged in political defiance and wrote essays addressing the importance of ethnic Chinese publishers in the promotion of the Malay language at the time it was spoken of a very small minority of the Indonesian population throughout the Dutch East Indies. Pram endured the Japanese Occupation and was detained by the Indonesian Army during the Sukarno presidency for a year in the early s because of the book and its support for ethnic Chinese and advocacy against their persecution. He was then imprisoned for 14 years, mostly on the remote island of Buru. The book was released in the wake of soft- authoritarian rule through Guided Democracy in Indonesia and restrictions on alien residence and trade. These regulations culminated in the enactment of Presidential Regulation 10 in November , banning retail services by non-indigenous persons in rural areas.