Born in Paris in of Jewish parents, Henri Bergson received his education there and subsequently taught at Angers and Clermont-Ferraud before returning to Paris. He was appointed professor of philosophy at the College de France in and elected a member of the French Academy in Bergson developed his philosophy by stressing the biological and evolutionary elements involved in thinking, reasoning, and creating. He saw the vitalistic dimension of the human species as being of the greatest importance.
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Born in Paris in of Jewish parents, Henri Bergson received his education there and subsequently taught at Angers and Clermont-Ferraud before returning to Paris. He was appointed professor of philosophy at the College de France in and elected a member of the French Academy in Bergson developed his philosophy by stressing the biological and evolutionary elements involved in thinking, reasoning, and creating.
He saw the vitalistic dimension of the human species as being of the greatest importance. Bergson's writings were acclaimed not only in France and throughout the learned world. In he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. In defiance of the Nazis after their conquest of France, Bergson insisted on wearing a yellow star to show his solidarity with other French Jews.
Shortly before his death in , Bergson gave up all his positions and renounced his many honors in protest against the discrimination against Jews by the Nazis and the Vichy French regime.
Duration and Simultaneity : Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson. This philosophical text deals with the theme of time. A central contention is that science and philosophy alike systematically misrepresent the nature of time. Bergson suggests that the traditional association between the model of space and time is incoherent.
Unlike space, time is not measurable by objective standard. This contention is tried out against the major movement in physics of the day - relativity. Tracing the development of the theory from special to general relativity, Bergson finds that a fundamental requirement of the theory is an impossibility - the assumption that the experiences of two observers moving at different speeds within two different physical systems might be thought of as simultaneous.
This is to ignore the limits of possible experience. Concerning the Nature of Time. Concerning the Plurality of Times. Complete Relativity. Robin Durie.
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Henri Bergson — was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. Many philosophers today think that this concept of multiplicity, despite its difficulty, is revolutionary. It is revolutionary because it opens the way to a reconception of community. Bergson was born in Paris on October 18, ; he was the second of seven children of a Polish Father and English mother; both of his parents were Jewish.
Bergson sought to improve upon inadequacies he perceived in the philosophy of Herbert Spencer , due, he believed, to Spencer's lack of comprehension of mechanics , which led Bergson to the conclusion that time eluded mathematics and science. For the individual, time may speed up or slow down, whereas, for science, it would remain the same. Hence Bergson decided to explore the inner life of man, which is a kind of duration, neither a unity nor a quantitative multiplicity. It can only be grasped through a simple intuition of the imagination.
Duration and Simultaneity : Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe
Informations Discussion 0 Fichiers Exemplaires. Publication Manchester : Clinamen Press, Subject code Subject category General Relativity and Cosmology Keywords space and time Abstract Henri Bergson - introduced new life to French philosophy, examining the non-mathematical sciences from a philosophical stance. He introduced the concept of non-linear time to philosophical investigations of change. Forthis and other work he received the Nobel Prize in Duration and Simultaneity deals with one of the great Bergsonian themes, time.
Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Reviewed by
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