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He was born in Melilla and settled in France in Regarding his nationality, Arrabal describes himself as "desterrado", or "half- expatriate , half- exiled ". Arrabal has directed seven full-length feature films and has published over plays; 14 novels; poetry collections, chapbooks, and artists' books ; several essays; and his notorious "Letter to General Franco " during the dictator's lifetime.

His complete plays have been published, in multiple languages, in a two-volume edition totaling over two thousand pages. The New York Times ' theatre critic Mel Gussow has called Arrabal the last survivor among the "three avatars of modernism ".

Writer and critic Javier Villan wrote of Arrabal:. Arrabal's theatre is a wild, brutal, cacophonous, and joyously provocative world.

It is a dramatic carnival in which the carcass of our 'advanced' civilizations is barbecued over the spits of a permanent revolution. He is the artistic heir of Kafka 's lucidity and Jarry 's humor; in his violence, Arrabal is related to Sade and Artaud.

Yet he is doubtless the only writer to have pushed derision as far as he did. Deeply political and merrily playful, both revolutionary and bohemian, his work is the syndrome of our century of barbed wire and Gulags, a manner of finding a reprieve.

On July 17, , when insurrections within the military were staged against the constitutional government of the Second Spanish Republic , launching the Spanish Civil War , Arrabal's father remained faithful to the Republic and was sentenced to death for mutiny.

On December 4, , he was sent to the Burgos Hospital due to apparent mental disorder. Later research has found that he likely feigned mental order in order to be transferred to a lower security prison. On December 29, , he escaped from the hospital in his pajamas, despite three feet of snow covering the countryside.

Despite extensive research, he was never seen again. The day on which the Uncivil War began, he was locked up by his 'compassionate companions' in the flag room of the Melilla military barracks.

He was meant to think carefully, since he risked a death sentence for mutiny if he did not join them in their insurrection alzamiento. After an hour, Lieutenant Fernando Arrabal summoned his ex-comrades — already!

Today, because of this precedent, must I serve as witness, example, or symbol, as he did, of the most fundamental occurrences? I, who am a mere exile. If I am taken away from my beloved numerics, everything around me leads to over-the-counter confusion and disorder. I have no wish to be a scapegoat like my father, I only ask to die while still living, whenever Pan so wishes. In , Arrabal's mother returned to Ciudad Rodrigo with her young son, Fernando, and found a job at Burgos, then-capitol of the Nationalists and headquarters of General Franco's government.

Fernando was enrolled in a local Catholic school from until , when the Civil War ended and he moved with his mother to Madrid. Arrabal was awarded the national prize for gifted children in He was an avid reader and was eager to experience life. In , when his mother ordered him to attend preparatory classes for entrance to the Academia General Militar , Arrabal protested by playing hooky.

By , he had begun writing several plays, which remain unpublished. He moved to Valencia and passed his bachillerato , the first non-compulsory educational option in Spain for admission to university. He later moved to Madrid and began Legal Studies.

During these years, he frequented the cultural institution Ateneo de Madrid and heard poets from the Postismo school. He was also finishing his early play Picnic, then titled The Soldiers , and writing El triciclo , at first titled Men with a Tricycle.

Later that year, in Madrid, he met Luce Moreau, who became his wife. While in Paris he suffered a serious relapse of tuberculosis. He considered this disease to be a "lucky mishap" that allowed him to move permanently to his "veritable homeland, that of Kundera and Vives, Saint Ignatius of Loyola and Picasso : exile. Arrabal had been known for being anti- Francoist and anti-monarchist and interested in anarchist trends in cultural production. He had ties with the Communist Party of Spain during his exile, but a rupture seems to have occurred in due to a conflict with his play The Architect and the Emperor of Assyria being performed in Barcelona with artists reputed to have Communist Party ties.

Arrabal was among the more controversial writers of his time, and his work has been recognized internationally. He was reportedly a finalist for the Nobel Prize in due to the solicitation of several institutions and individuals. Arrabal has written and directed seven feature-length films, and has been awarded the Premio Pier Paolo Pasolini for his contributions to cinema.

Amos Vogel wrote, in the Village Voice , "An audacious, paroxistic, and artistically successful work". Arrabal wrote of the opera, "Faustbal is a woman who, in the third millennium, is the reincarnation of Alfred Jarry's Doctor Faustroll, a new doctor Faust who asks God and Lucifer for words and prayers so that love and charity might be unified. Nothing can satisfy the hurricane of her scientific curiosity, nor calm the storms of her desires.

A genius, very beautiful, and enriched by her transports and transfigurations, she vows a torrid love for her Amazon. She leaps between galaxies while the war to end all civilization rages, and moves through space at supersonic speed. Confronting her, Margarito, supreme leader of the armed forces, dons the armor of brutal, electronic repression. He is madly in love with Faustbal under the sky's cupola.

He tries to possess her through the torrent of his tower, employing the services of Mephistopheles himself. Four other operas with Arrabal's librettos have been staged, and the author describes them as "always having been as complex, yet suffering from as few complexes, as did Faustbal. The opera ran for two seasons in Melbourne, and at the Malthouse Theatre. Australia's The Independent Monthly wrote, "Easily the most impressive and memorable piece of music theatre in They include:.

Productions at La MaMa included:. Arrabal has a strong interest in chess and has attended many chess tournaments. His columns have included, among many others:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Arrabal disambiguation. This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification.

Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately , especially if potentially libelous or harmful. ABC in Spanish. Retrieved July 2, Archived from the original on June 26, Retrieved June 26, Accessed July 3, Bach ".

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Fernando Arrabal, Playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet. Medieval Renaissance 17th 18th 19th 20th century Contemporary. France Literature. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fernando Arrabal.


Fernando Arrabal

He was born in Melilla and settled in France in Regarding his nationality, Arrabal describes himself as "desterrado", or "half- expatriate , half- exiled ". Arrabal has directed seven full-length feature films and has published over plays; 14 novels; poetry collections, chapbooks, and artists' books ; several essays; and his notorious "Letter to General Franco " during the dictator's lifetime. His complete plays have been published, in multiple languages, in a two-volume edition totaling over two thousand pages.


Guernica & Other Plays

Hard to believe, but Fernando Arrabal , the surrealist playwright and poet, is apparently the first Spaniard to have made a film about the Spanish Civil War. When they did, they had to resort to symbols and indirection, as Bunuel did several times. Now Arrabal presents us with a film of brutal directness, in which actual events are used as a context for his searing images. Arrabal shows us newsreel footage from time to time: Of troops marching and bombs bursting and Franco emerging from meetings. But his story is essentially symbolic, giving us fictional places and people who are larger than life and large enough, almost, to support the haunting images he supplies for them. They're the defenders of Villa Romero, a fictitious town apparently intended to stand for all the last-ditch pockets of resistance to the fascists. They use a ragtag force of citizens and recruits, but they hold the town until a crack German force is sent in.


L’Arbre De Guernica

Fernando Arrabal is a precocious year-old child who sits on the floor and tells totally made-up stories about the outside world. They eddy and change color, from ridiculous to obscene to puerile; but stars keep falling into them. As a playwright, Mr. As a novice film maker, he charges the medium head on. There is a lot of damage any halfway competent movie director could have warned him about; and a measure of splintered brilliance that no halfway competent movie director could have dreamed of. In "Guernica," which opened at the 68th Street Playhouse yesterday, Mr. Arrabal, an exiled Spaniard, has given us his Civil War.


Film: 'Guernica,' Arrabal's Civil War


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