The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript in the form of a scroll with cursive hieroglyphs and color illustrations that was created c. Egyptians compiled an individualized book for certain people upon their death, called the Book of Going Forth by Day , more commonly known as the Book of the Dead , typically containing declarations and spells to help the deceased in their afterlife. The Papyrus of Ani is the manuscript compiled for the Theban scribe Ani. The scroll was discovered in Luxor in by Egyptians trading in illegal antiquities. It was acquired by E. Wallis Budge , as described in his autobiography By Nile and Tigris.
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The Papyrus Ani is a significant and informative text of ancient Egyptian literature. The fully preserved book of the dead was found in Thebes and is dated to B. There are only four surviving books of the dead today, each of which is absolutely unique and represents an important source for the documentation of Egyptian mythology.
The content of the text is elucidated across 24 meters by about magic formulas, religious texts, and particularly large colored drawings. For the Egyptians, death was an important part of life. Therefore, they gave the deceased books of the dead for the journey whose sayings offered protection from demons inter alia.
An important text of ancient Egyptian literature was discovered in Thebes with the 24 meter long Papyrus Ani. Also known as the Egyptian Book of the Dead , the text is dated to 1, years before Christ and survives today in four specimens, each of which is unique. With its great selection of ca.
Large colored drawings complement the views on death and the life thereafter with a particularly strong symbolic language. The book of the dead boasts a uniform design across its entire length, characterized by red and yellow stripes on the upper and lower margins. The text found in between is structured by red-marked titles of the individual chapters, rubrics, and various keywords. Based upon the various fonts, researchers have concluded that three to four scribes worked on the Papyrus Ani.
Since the illustrations are much more uniform in their form of presentation, there were probably only one or two artists contributing to the paintings. The stiff deportment of the figures depicted in bas-relief are typical for ancient Egyptian art. Invariably, the head is depicted from the side with one eye, the shoulders and chest from the front, and the hip and leg from the side once again. This stylistic element called aspective endeavored to capture people as completely as possible. Many of them were intended to help the dead to become divine and to make it possible to lead a life in the next world where they were immortal.
In order to reach this goal and to be protected from demons on the way there, the Egyptians gave the deceased sayings as protection and help during the journey. Moreover, the text chronicles 43 various gods in the court of the dead altogether. Each has their own name and was responsible for a particular crime.
Ani was probably a high-ranking official of the temple administration since the book of the dead can be considered typical for a Theban nobleman of his period.
Multiple places in the text where his name was inserted by a later hand indicate that the text was not originally composed for Ani. Such addenda are not, however, found in the first part, which was probably consequently finished expressly for him. Papyrus Ani Nr. Images of Papyrus Ani facsimile edition.
Our price. Ask for a Quote. Call us. Image link. Details 1 volume: Exact reproduction of the original document extent, color and size Commentary 1 volume by E. Dondelinger Language: German Binding Book case which can be used as a desk. Dondelinger Language: German Binding In a portfolio. Papyrus Ani An important text of ancient Egyptian literature was discovered in Thebes with the 24 meter long Papyrus Ani. Great Illustrations and Uniform Design The book of the dead boasts a uniform design across its entire length, characterized by red and yellow stripes on the upper and lower margins.
Ani as a Historical Figure Ani was probably a high-ranking official of the temple administration since the book of the dead can be considered typical for a Theban nobleman of his period. Quick Search.
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From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Papyrus of Ani. British Museum. EA,3 British Museum. Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. Media in category "Papyrus of Ani" The following 65 files are in this category, out of 65 total.
Category:Papyrus of Ani
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Papiro de Hunefer