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Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf 2 November — 24 October was an Austrian composer , violinist and silvologist. After retiring honorably from his military obligation, he was provided with royal letters of reference and a sinecure with the Imperial Theatre. In , the six-year-old August Carl was introduced to the violin and his father's moderate financial position allowed him not only a good general education at a Jesuit school, but private tutelage in music, violin, French and religion.
After leaving his first teacher, Carl studied violin with J. Ziegler , who by , through his influence, secured his pupil's appointment as a violinist in the orchestra of the Benedictine church on the Freyung. Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen soon noticed young Ditters, and on 1 March hired him for his court orchestra.
Under princely auspices he studied violin with Francesco Trani who, impressed with the ability of his pupil in composition, commended him to Giuseppe Bonno who instructed him in Fuxian counterpoint and free composition. After a few years Prince Joseph disbanded the orchestra, since he had to leave Vienna to assume the regency in Hildburghausen , and the Austrian Empress hired Dittersdorf for her own orchestra through Count Durazzo , Theatre Director at the Imperial Court.
In he was engaged as violinist in the Imperial Theatre orchestra, and in its conductor. In he traveled to Bologna with Gluck to see the opera Il trionfo di Clelia : an Italian tour that was to leave the greatest impression on his future work as a composer from both the Austrian Gluck and the contemporary Italian musical scene.
In he traveled to Paris, a trip with only scarce and uncertain documentation. Back in Vienna in , his contract with Count Durazzo expired that winter, but he met the great Joseph Haydn and became one of his closest friends.
He accepted the post of Hofkomponist court composer in , and it was during his tenure at Johannesberg that most of his creative output was produced. Over the next twenty years he wrote symphonies, string quartets and other chamber music, and opere buffe.
Since this new post required a noble title, Ditters was sent to Vienna and given the noble title of von Dittersdorf. His full surname thus became "Ditters von Dittersdorf", but he is usually referred to simply as "Dittersdorf". Johann Baptist Wanhal was perhaps Dittersdorf's most eminent pupil. About , Haydn, Dittersdorf, Mozart and Wanhal played string quartets together, Dittersdorf taking first violin, Haydn second violin, Mozart viola and Wanhal cello.
Eminent Irish tenor Michael Kelly , for whom Mozart created the roles of Don Basilio and Don Curzio in his da Ponte opera Le nozze di Figaro , was of the opinion that although they played well their performance as a whole was not outstanding; but the image of four of the greatest composers of their time joining in common music-making remains an unforgettable vignette of the Classical era comprising the second half of the eighteenth century.
In , after twenty-four years at Johannesberg, Dittersdorf, after a serious clash with von Schaffgotsch, was expelled from his palace. His final decade was occupied with overseeing operatic productions in addition to compiling and editing his own music for publication. He finished his autobiography just three days before his death. Ditters' early work laid the groundwork for his later more important compositions. His symphonic and chamber compositions greatly emphasize sensuous Italo-Austrian melody instead of motivic development, which is often entirely lacking even in his best works, quite unlike those of his greater peers Haydn and Mozart.
Even with these reservations, Dittersdorf was an important composer of the Classical era. After some early Italian opere buffe , he turned to writing German Singspiele instead, with Der Apotheker und der Doktor , generally known today as Doktor und Apotheker in particular being a tremendous success in his lifetime, playing in houses all over Europe and recorded almost two centuries later. Among his or-so symphonies are twelve programmatic ones based on Ovid 's Metamorphoses , although only six have survived and have also been recorded.
He also wrote oratorios , cantatas and concertos among which are two for double bass and one for viola , string quartets and other chamber music , piano pieces and other miscellaneous works. Some of his compositions, including the double bass concerto, were published in Leipzig by the Friedrich Hofmeister Musikverlag. Dittersdorf left about symphonies with solid attribution.
There are about another 90 symphonies which may be Dittersdorf's work—according to the catalogue published by Helen Geyer, Torino Most of the symphonies are preserved only in manuscripts. Many manuscripts are inscribed di Carlo de Dittersdorf or similar, however they are copies of now lost original scores.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Arrival of Phaeton at the Golden Palace of his father the god Sun. Description of The Age of Bronze. Archived from the original on Retrieved Artaria Editions.
Grove — " his first oratorio, ' Isacco figure del Bedentore,' to a Latin adaptation of Metastasio by the Bishop himself. Dittersdorf "Ouverture" from the "Hocus Pocus" comic opera Performed by Kaila Rochelle on the Pianoteq "Walter" fortepiano. Categories : births deaths 18th-century Austrian musicians 18th-century classical composers 18th-century Bohemian musicians 18th-century German musicians 18th-century male musicians Austrian classical composers Austrian classical musicians Austrian untitled nobility Classical-period composers People from Mariahilf Austrian male classical composers String quartet composers.
Concerto for Harpsichord in A major (Dittersdorf, Carl Ditters von)
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf