As early as the 's, researchers were beginning to identify the long-term damage associated with disrupted or limited attachment opportunities. Therefore these findings support the MDH, as there appears to be a link between disruption to attachments in the first 5 years and later maladjustment. Practical applications — the MDH and accompanying research has significant real world applications, as they highlight the importance of positive attachment experiences and maintaining a mono tropic bond in the first five years, which have been instrumental in the developments of good childcare practices. Greater stability in childcare practice has been developed through daycare centres assigning caregivers to children and hospital visiting hours have been reviewed so that children can maintain contact with their parents.

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A2 Edexcel Psychology. Bowlby: 44 Thieves Aim: To establish a cause-and-effect relationship between maternal deprivation and emotional maladjustment based on his observations of patients at his child guidance clinic. To see if there is a link between delinquency and maternal deprivation Procedure: Opportunity sample - 88 children from the London Child guidance clinic.

They were of a similar age and intelligence to the thieves. At the clinic children were assessed on arrival using interviews, case histories and psychological testing. Mental tests were conducted on intelligence, as well as assessment of emotional attitudes towards the tests. These initial reports were given to Bowlby who then interviewed the child and the mother.

From this a diagnosis was formed after a case conference was held. Further interviews occurred after so that more in-depth detail could be obtained. They lied, stole, had no sense of loyalty or friendship. Deprivation leads to an affectionless character and potential for criminal behaviour Evaluation Generalisability: Case studies of individual children, this may not be generalised to other groups of children Reliability: A control group was used and show that out of the thieves 14 were affectionless characters whereas none of the control group were.

Without the control group conclusions would have been difficult to make. However the control group Bowlby used were also attending the clinic and had problems; Bowlby himself said he would have liked a control group of normal children.

Other factors may have led to these outcomes e. Bowlby did not look at relationship with the father and school experiences. Lowers the validity and reliability. However, it is rather vague and hard to assess, and has not been used by other researchers. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates.

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Bowlby's Attachment Theory

By Saul McLeod , updated John Bowlby - was a psychoanalyst like Freud and believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood. Bowlby suggested that a child would initially form only one attachment and that the attachment figure acted as a secure base for exploring the world. The attachment relationship acts as a prototype for all future social relationships so disrupting it can have severe consequences. Bowlby's Evolutionary Theory of Attachment.


Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation


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