He led the moderate nationalists in the early years of the Indian independence movement. In Gokhale resigned as professor of history and political economy at Fergusson College, Pune , to enter politics. As an influential and respected member of the Indian National Congress , the leading nationalist organization, Gokhale advocated moderate and constitutional methods of agitation and gradual reform. Three years later he was elected president of the Congress. He opposed the ill-treatment of untouchables, or low-caste Hindus, and also took up the cause of impoverished Indians living in South Africa.
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The economic condition of the family was so bad that on his father's death, he could continue his studies only because his elder brother sacrificed his own education. He took his B. Gokhale was greatly influenced by M. Ranade, whom he regarded as his master in political and public life, Dadabhai Naoroji, who was his hero, and Pherozeshah Mehta.
When the Fergusson College was opened in , he was called upon to lecture there. He retired in specifically to devote himself to public life. In , he became a member of the Indian National Congress. In , he was elected Honorary Secretary of the Sarvajanik Sabha, Poona, of which Ranade was the most influential member. In , he became the Secretary of the Bombay Provincial Conference. In , Gokhale founded the 'Servants of India Society' with the object of training men to devote themselves to the service of India as national missionaries and to promote by all constitutional means the national interests of the Indian people.
In , he founded the 'Ranade Institute of Economics'. He was a front rank reformer; he deprecated the caste-system and untouchability, pleaded for the emancipation of women and championed the cause of female education. In Gokhale's opinion, the introduction of Western education in India with its liberalising influence was a great blessing to the people. He was a firm believer in the theory that mass education was a prerequisite to national political consciousness.
He advocated that primary education should be free in all schools throughout India at once. While appreciating the benefits of British rule in general, he never failed to criticise unjust policies and high-handed actions of the Government.
In his opinion, the economic results of British rule in India were absolutely disastrous, resulting in frightful poverty. According to him, the greatest need of the hour in India was industrial education.
In agriculture, he pleaded that old methods should be changed as much as possible. There was a crying need to introduce agricultural science and improved agricultural implements.
Regarding the textile industry, while he acknowledged that the handloom was doing good work and had some future before it, yet the main work would have to be done by machinery.
He made extensive use of the public platform for communicating his ideas on social, economic and political reform. Some of his memorable speeches were made in the Imperial Legislative Council, especially on the Annual Budgets from to Gokhale paid frequent visits to England. His first visit in was in connection with the Welby Commission. His evidence was noted for his analysis of the leading facts in the history of Indian Finance, his examination of the constitution and expenditure of the Indian Army and his emphasis on the subordination of the interests of the taxpayers to those of the European services and the exclusion of Indians from the higher branches of public service.
Among the early figures in the Indian National Congress, Gokhale's position was very high. He was feared by the Government and respected by the people. In politics he belonged to the moderate group opposed to the extremist school led by Tilak. He, however, placed equal emphasis on social reform as on political progress.
For nearly three decades Gokhale dedicated his rare qualities to the exclusive service of his country and his people in a way which few could lay claim to. The minds of the people have been familiarised with the idea of a united India working for her salvation; a national public opinion has been created; close bonds of sympathy now knit together the different Provinces; caste and creed separations hamper less and less the pursuit of common aim; the dignity of a consciousness of national existence has spread over the whole land.
Gokhale, Gopal Krishna
The economic condition of the family was so bad that on his father's death, he could continue his studies only because his elder brother sacrificed his own education. He took his B. Gokhale was greatly influenced by M. Ranade, whom he regarded as his master in political and public life, Dadabhai Naoroji, who was his hero, and Pherozeshah Mehta. When the Fergusson College was opened in , he was called upon to lecture there.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale Biography: Birth, Family, Education, Political Career, Achievements and Books
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was an Indian nationalist leader. At age 18 he secured a bachelor's degree from Elphinstone College and joined the illustrious Deccan Education Society. At 22 Gokhale became secretary of the famous Sarvajanik Sabha, the leading political organization of Bombay. He also became a professor at Fergusson College and, in , secretary of the Deccan Education Society.
Birth of Gopal Krishna Gokhale - [May 9, 1866] This Day in History
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the wisest moderate leaders of India's National Congress, revered by Mahatma Gandhi as "my political guru. He later was to become one of Morley's most highly respected advisers, during Liberal Morley's half decade as secretary of state for India, from to He also mastered mathematics, a subject he taught for several years at Pune's New English School, after living for a year in Bombay at Elphinstone College. One of young India's most enlightened social reformers as well as liberal nationalists, Gokhale supported the first municipal high school for girls, started in Pune, bringing him into sharp conflict with religiously conservative popular Hindu leaders, like Bal Gangadhar Tilak , who argued that a "woman's place was in the house," not in school. Gokhale and Tilak remained poles apart on every issue of social reform and political action. In the " age of consent " controversy, Sir Andrew Scoble's bill to raise the minimal age of "rape" in India's Penal Code despite a child wife's "consent" from ten to twelve years, won Gokhale's strong support. Tilak led outraged Hindu Brahman opposition to that timid legislative attempt to save the lives of young girls from often lethal attacks on their wedding nights by husbands three or four times their age.