Bargil Pixner, priest and archaeologist: born Untermais, Italy 23 March ; ordained priest ; clothed a monk ; died Jerusalem 5 April One should never forget the "Fifth Gospel", the Benedictine monk and archaeologist Bargil Pixner declared to his students and pilgrims, referring to the archaeological sites of the Holy Land. Pixner had a gift for linking archaeology with the Bible through his talks and writings — available not just in German but in English and other languages — but his theories were not always accepted by other archeologists. He insisted Jesus had Essene connections, encouraged in this by the excavations he began in in an area of Mount Zion which he termed the Essene Gateway.
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Cloister of Beatitudes church overlooking Sea of Galilee Seetheholyland. Overlooking the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee , it offers an enchanting vista of the northern part of the lake and across to the cliffs of the Golan Heights on the other side. The exact site of the Sermon on the Mount Matthew is unknown. Pilgrims commemorate the event at the eight-sided Church of the Beatitudes, built on the slope of the mount and accessible by a side road branching off the Tiberias-Rosh Pina highway.
The spacious slope of the Mount of Beatitudes also known as Mount Eremos, a Greek word meaning solitary or uninhabited would have provided ample space for a large crowd to gather to hear Jesus.
The 4th-century pilgrim Egeria records a tradition that may go back to the Jewish-Christians of Capernaum. The hillcrest of Eremos indeed offers a magnificent view over the entire lake and the surrounding villages. The cragginess of this hill meant it was left uncultivated and enabled Jesus to gather large crowds around him without causing damage to the farmers. A Byzantine church was erected nearby in the 4th century, and it was used until the 7th century.
Its ruins have been discovered downhill from the present church. Church of the Beatitudes Seetheholyland. The Church of the Beatitudes, an elegant octagonal building with colonnaded cloisters , blends into the slope rather than dominating it.
It was built in for a Franciscan order of nuns, to a design by Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi — and partly financed by the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. The eight sides of the light and airy church represent the eight beatitudes, and these are also shown in Latin in the upper windows.
The centrally placed altar is surmounted by a slender arch of alabaster and onyx. Around it, the seven virtues justice, charity, prudence, faith, fortitude, hope and temperance are depicted by symbols in the mosaic floor. Jesus taught orally, rather than by writing.
Matthew notes that he sat down before speaking, a typical Jewish position for teaching. Rather, it is believed, Matthew took a core sermon and added various teachings given at different times.
Jesus was calling Israel to a new way of life. On the peak of the Mount of Beatitudes is a Christian centre for meetings, studies and retreats called Domus Galilaeae House of Galilee , opened in It is situated just over 1km from the ruins of ancient Chorazin.
The centre and adjacent monastery belongs to the Neo-Catechumenal Way, a Catholic movement for Christian formation. The library specialises in books about the Sermon on the Mount. Home About Travel Agents Contact. If you have found See the Holy Land helpful and would like to support our work, please make a secure donation.
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Nazareth, the Sea of Galilee, Jerusalem: The places where Jesus lived and died and gathered his followers into a community are for Christians the most holy sites on earth. With reverence for the sites associated with the life of Christ, Bargil Pixner dedicated much of his life to archeological research in the Holy Land, becoming famous for his discovery of the Essene Gate in Jerusalem and the town of Bethsaida by the Sea of Galilee. Gathered into this one volume are the principal fruits of Father Pixner's research: explanations of numerous archeological discoveries in the Holy Land accompanied by photos, illustrations and maps. Prepared in collaboration with Professor Rainer Riesner, a Scripture scholar from the University of Dortmund, the chapters bring to light not only those details of interest to the man of science but also the connections between these and early Christianity of interest to the man of faith. Having lived in Israel for much of his life the Tyrolean priest, scholar, teacher, and pilgrimage leader brought to his subject the depth and familiarity of a native son. Father Pixner's particular interest in the first Jewish Christians runs like a thread through many of these chapters, helping to link the practices of modern believers with those of their ancient brothers and sisters in the faith. Would you like to tell us about a lower price?