AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF ARYABHATA PDF

Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c. Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer.

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Log in or Sign up. Flint has tutored mathematics through precalculus, science, and English and has taught college history. He has a Ph. In India, his life would see the decline and fall of the Gupta Empire. The time that he lived in, as well as his choice of vocations, are probably why we know almost nothing about his personal life or his appearance. Though it's difficult to say exactly where the state of mathematics in India were before Aryabhata, it is safe to assume that India had been affected by the Hellenistic World that had followed Alexander the Great in the fourth century.

India was also influenced by trade with the Roman Empire that followed it up through the fifth century. Through them both, Aryabhata was probably familiar with the famous Western mathematicians and astronomers of Greece and Rome: Pythagoras and Euclid, among many others. Aryabhata published his first book, Aryabhatiya , when he was In it, he not only wrote about advanced ideas in mathematics and astronomy, but he wrote in the tight poetry meters of the Hindu philosophical texts.

Aryabhata's work, from his first book on, was groundbreaking for many reasons. For one, there was his notion of time, which he divided into eons, half-eons, and ages, which varied in length and extended from a few thousand years up to millions of years.

He determined some of this through his work with the rising of zodiacal signs on the horizon and other astronomical work. His divisions were heavily influenced by his religion, but they were remarkably accurate. He suggested other, and smaller, measurements of time, along with explorations into the seven-day week and the intercalary month, a month inserted into a year to make the calendar align with the seasons.

He also wrote analyses on sundial measurements so that time could be measured more accurately. However, Aryabhata focused on mathematics. He went into great detail about arithmetic and geometric progressions like 2, 4, 6, and 8 or 2, 10, 50, and In trigonometry, he discussed the concept of sine and was the first to calculate sine, cosine, versine, and inverse sine to four decimal places. Another field Aryabhata studied was astronomy.

He explored several geometric and trigonometric aspects of the celestial sphere and these are still used to study stars. He also made observations on the celestial equator, or how the universe looks when observed from Earth's equator. From his work, he derived a geocentric model of the solar system and used this to determine the positions of all the known planets on a given day. He also examined the length of the day, known as sidereal, by referencing fixed stars and came up with the measurement of 23 hours 56 minutes, 4.

Another of Arybhata's interests was the features of eclipses. He broke from the tradition that the demons Rahu and Ketu caused them, and worked out an extremely accurate table for eclipses, which included not only their dates but also their lengths. Additionally, he looked into the shape and size of the Earth, determining it was round and calculating its circumference more accurately than anyone before him.

Aryabhata determined that the cause of day and night was the Earth's rotation. Aryabhata was a brilliant mathematician of the late fifth and early sixth centuries whose studies into time, mathematics, and astronomy had a long lasting influence throughout the world. To this day, his approximation for pi and his techniques for determining when and how long an eclipse will occur remain valid.

His work with equations remains basic knowledge in algebra. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Create your account. Already a member? Log In. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page.

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Instructor: Flint Johnson Flint has tutored mathematics through precalculus, science, and English and has taught college history. This is a short biography on one of the great Indian mathematicians, Aryabhata, accompanied by an explanation and historical context for his accomplishments. Following the lesson is a brief quiz.

Aryabhata's World Though it's difficult to say exactly where the state of mathematics in India were before Aryabhata, it is safe to assume that India had been affected by the Hellenistic World that had followed Alexander the Great in the fourth century.

Aryabhata's Contributions Aryabhata enhanced our understanding of the Earth and its place in the galaxy Aryabhata published his first book, Aryabhatiya , when he was Time Aryabhata's work, from his first book on, was groundbreaking for many reasons. Math However, Aryabhata focused on mathematics.

In algebra, Aryabhata wrote important observations on four types of equations. Astronomy Another field Aryabhata studied was astronomy. Astronomy in the time of Aryabhata. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Lesson Summary Aryabhata was a brilliant mathematician of the late fifth and early sixth centuries whose studies into time, mathematics, and astronomy had a long lasting influence throughout the world.

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Aryabhata the Elder

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. While there is a tendency to misspell his name as "Aryabhatta" by analogy with other names having the " bhatta " suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: every astronomical text spells his name thus, [8] including Brahmagupta 's references to him "in more than a hundred places by name". Aryabhata mentions in the Aryabhatiya that he was 23 years old 3, years into the Kali Yuga , but this is not to mean that the text was composed at that time. This mentioned year corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in Similarly, the fact that several commentaries on the Aryabhatiya have come from Kerala has been used to suggest that it was Aryabhata's main place of life and activity; however, many commentaries have come from outside Kerala, and the Aryasiddhanta was completely unknown in Kerala. Chandra Hari has argued for the Kerala hypothesis on the basis of astronomical evidence.

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Aryabhata II

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Already registered? Log in here for access. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. Flint has tutored mathematics through precalculus, science, and English and has taught college history.

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