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The ,Judeo-Christian" world view is ac- cused- of having brouglt into the world an unnatural segregation of the Holy and the profane, leading to materialism and the debasement of all spiritual values. The only possibility for Europe to overcome this profanation ii to re- tum to its pagan tradition and to strip off the foreign rule which is seen as the result of Christianization.
Voelldsb Groundlag Born in in Kiel, the daughter of the publisher Heinrich Hunke, Sigrid Hunke studied psychologr, philosophy, and journa-lism at the universities of Kiel, Freiburg, and Berlin from on.
These capabili- ties promoted her literar5r success a. Besides Hans F. He wrote numerous books on racial topics, with a huge number of copies sold. Clauss, lecturing from on at the Berlin university, was a good-looking, wealthy and traveled young scholar who fre- quently impressed his female students. Clauss accused Jews and Liberals having hinde;ed him of becoming a pro- fessor in Berlin.
His ,Rassenseelenkunde,,was an lmpoftanr variety of National Socialist racism and not a counterpart. Clauss never ar- gued or acted against National Socialism. He held his inkoductory lecture in the ,brown shirt" and during the war he became a collaborator ol the secret service of the SS where he worked as a specialist for the Middle East in the Even to learn and to live in a fo-reignlanguage, Hunke reserved to the geniuses of Nordic slVle.
TAt the end of the s, Hunke continued this approach in her doctoral? Be- ginning with. Hunke concluded that racial laws always remain the same, although time and space may lead to some modili- cations. How would it be possible to do resetu:ch on the Jewish race smongst Aryans, he said, and demanded to pass by the Nuremberg laws. Nevertheless, Clauss lost his univercity position because he did not give up the relationship with his friend and co-worker Margarete Land6 whom he hid until the end of the war.
For that reason, he was honored qrith a tree in Yad Vashem in Later, Yad Vashem withdrew the honor. See Peter Weingart, Doppel-tcben, p. Sigrid Huoke, ,Verstehen," Rasse : Hoff, L. Clauss, and H. A lot of its contributors had connec- tions with the Nordic snd also with the Gefinan Fa'ith Mouenent. Clauss left the joumal in Sigrid Hunke, ,Verstehen,' Rasse But Hunke had expressed her positive. Race and fo. The ,Rassenseelenkunde,, of Clauss would not only lead to a better understanding of Christianity as alienation of the German soul bul also.
Hunke drd not become prominent in the uoelkish religious movement. She was too young, and. Hunke and her sister riere arfiliated with the ,Germanrc studies, of the SS, an operation for the Germanization of the - Nordic countries. Hauer wrote on September 27, I93S to Clauss, Hunkess would be used,as ,schulungsbrief soon as possible" literal remains of J. Hauer, Federal Archives Xottenz, vot.
To biogaphy. Walrautldl Hunke und Dr. Is Schneider's co- worker Alarich Augustin joined the German Unitarians after the war where he closely associated himself with Sigrid Hunke. Another collaborator of the "Germanischer Wissenschaftseinsatz" with uoelkish pagan aspirations was Otto Huth.
In stark contrast to the alleged spirituality of its goals, the political and military strengthening of Germany's rule over Europe stood in the fore of these endeavors of the SS to implement the ideologr of National Socialism outside Germany among the so-called Nordic or Germanic countries.
There can be no doubt that such a spiritual fascism, as it was sponsored by the SS, had been part of the ideological warfare of the Third Reich and even a fertile ground from which criminal activities emerged.
From the midfifties on, Hunke began to pub- lish books calling for a spiritual renewal of Germany after its military defeat. Avoiding any mention of the National. Socialist period, she took up the pro- gram of the former German Faith Mouement for a religious revival of Ger- many's pagan tradition outside and against the Christian churches.
To keep distance from the taboos of a Germanic ergo Nazi heathendom, Hunke called her pagan approach Europe's neut or Europe's own religion. However, a lot of items of the old uoetlcrlshprogram arise once more in new clothing. For ex- ample, the attitude of anti-dogmatism, a direct approach to the Holy without mediator, a polytheistic tolerance instead of Jewish-Christian monotheism, the preference for mysticism, the adoption of monistic elements, the venera- tion of nature with a forced reclaiming of sacred sites and holy festivals, the protection of the environment against unbridled technolory, a female-princi- irle of the Divine, pantheistic equation, and an organic ,organizitstisch4 reli gious world view fbund a new setting.
Hunke's lifeJong search for a lineage of heretics which should build the backbone of Europe's new pagan religion exactly followed the ancient genealogl of the German Faith Mouement. The Germenizstion-Policy in one of ter. Das th;se countries is documented at full length in De SS en Nederland. Documenten uit SS- Archieven , 2 vols. That mainly meant giv- ing up the vocabular5r of National Socialist race ideologr and cutting the eminent link between blood and spirit. Hunke succeeded quite well in so do- ing but some residues remained in her thinking.
You can- see ttris very well at the starting point of her conception of history. The evil, that is, the split- ting of the religious union between God and mankind, came into the world by the "Churri" or Hunites. This people about which we do not know very much settled two or three thousand years ago in the Middle East, originally coming from Armenia. Whereas the "Churri" did not belong to the Semites, Hunke amalgamated them with Israel and ,Jewishness.
So the ,Churri" had to display the bad inception of Judaism and to represent the negative Jewish influence on Christianity, seeming to be without any racial connotation. Stereoq4pesof that sort are: intellectual exaggeration, restlessness, superficiality, positivism, a twofold bolshevist and capitalist materialism, the lack of a connection to one's soil a. Hunke removed these antisemitic patterns of thought from their previous context and used them again and again to de- scribe Europe's estrangement from its religious identity.
Though Hunke paid attention to her vocabular5rand avoided a direct use of anti-Jewish phrases, this is to be found with reference to Hunke and with a strons antisemitic sense in the so-catled New Risht. Not totally without reason, some people view her in the tradition of the German cultural philosopher Oswald Spengler. Hunke was a restless - preacher against - rather: for - the decline of Western civilization, because only the Christian West will and has to end.
A pagan rebirth will come into edstence and supersede the predominance of mediocrity in a frail Occident, leading Europe to a new and powerful future. It is the task of a spiritual elite to light against the tyranny of the American way of life and to rejuvenate a decrepit Europe. Altemativen zum Prinzip der Gleichheit, ed. German Faith Moue- - ment.
From until , Hunke lived together with her husband Peter H. Although lacking ary scholarly accomplishment and even the necessary knowledge of the Arab language,26 the German govemment sent her on a good will tour through several Arab countries after the war of The Arabs were glad about anybody from Europe who seemed to have a real interest in their culture and' did not only intend to exploit their oil fields.
More than that, many welcomed Hunke as potential ally in their struggle against Western predominance. Even the leaders of an Arab Socialism tended to overlook her uoelkish nationalist background, or agreed with it. Only if the Arabs return to the old ancestral teritage of their cultural tradition, they will be able to overwhelm the foreign occupation and to build up a real national and socialist - in other words: a genuine uoelkish - community.
Un- fortunately, some Arabs repeated the mistake of giving faith to such a re- newed form of German anti-imperialism once again. The philo-Arabism' of Nazi-Germany and later of right wing intellectu- als has, without any doubt, a vigorous antisemitic undertone. In the stupid logic of intermingling language and race it becomes possible to be anti- Jtwish without being an antisemite because of a friendship with the Semitic Arabs. Maintaining strong anti-miscegenation laws, the Jews preserved their ethnic racial idintity throughout the ages.
This in contrast to her former statement see above p. Since any l'holesome uoelkish development depends on a deep and uncor- rupted relation to religion, Islam is expected to take over the task of focusing national-Arab identity as Orthodox Judaism and the Torah did it for the Jews.
This would explain why such a predilection for Islam and its values is to be found on the right wing, contrary to the usually ardent anti-Muslim xenophobia tJlere. Summarizing the correlation of Hunke's pagan religion and her concept of Arabism, one has to pay attention to earlier ideas of a uoellcish-national rebirth associated with forms of religious revitalization.
The ideological origins of Hunke's uoelhish program, now proposed to the Arabs as an adequate solution to achieve independence from Western supremacy, lay in the last third of the 19th century when the arising ,oel- kish movement searched for answers to the challenges of a belated capitalist modemization process in Germany. Some of the uoelkish groups of that time developed a pagan alternative to oppose the religious monopoly of the Chris- tian state church.
Their alternative religious model focused on a spiritual community of the whole German folk in order to overcome the antagonistic struggles splitting the nation into a number of interest grouPs. Christianity, closely connected with all reactionary forces influential in the Second Reich, had lost its cohesive force and was not able to integrate the masses of a growing working-class.
It is understandable that a competing religious movement put the idea of a real ,Volksgemeinschaft" in the center of its pro- gram and linked it with the emerging race question.
At the end of the 19th century, the pagan awakening merged with the racialism of the uoelkish movement into a new religion that went back, as it was said, into the history of the old Aryans or Jndogermans'.
In the following decades, however, pagan- ism was limited to a very small segment of the German society but was then expected to become the dominant religion of the Third Reich.
She advertised it as efficient means to reach political self-domination and cultural sovereignt5r. Perhaps Hunke did not openly refer to the racial core of her old uoelkish.
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