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Diary Polish : Dziennik is a book written by Polish-Jewish author Leopold Tyrmand containing notes from his personal diary he penned during the first three months of The diary was created more than half a year after Tyrmand lost his job at the Tygodnik Powszechny magazine lit. The Catholic Weekly — along with all of the other editors — for his refusal to publish the official version of Joseph Stalin 's obituary dictated by the Polish communist authorities, following Stalin's death in March Tyrmand and his co-workers then received an unofficial ban on working in the print media.
He went on to earn his living from part-time and freelance jobs, including giving private lessons, occasional copy writing, and selling his stories for screenplays. His diary notes included in the book were taken almost daily between 1 January and 2 April , and occupied pages.
The very last paragraph of the book breaks off in the middle of a sentence. Tyrmand explained this years later: "The last evening, tired with writing, as it often happened, I broke off the sentence intending to return to it the next day. But I never did. Initially I was going to continue the diary, but the days passed by, suddenly full of the different circumstances and requirements. In , Tygodnik Powszechny published a fragment of the diary.
After his emigration in , Tyrmand deposited the diary in the editorial office of the Paris-based polish magazine Kultura , returning to collect it four years later. Tyrmand resumed editing his notes in The first book edition appeared in London in , published by the Polonia Book Fund. Introduction to the first edition included the following sentence: "Present book contains the entirety of the diary, unaffected by editorial considerations, moral quandaries, political necessities, social concessions.
Notice has also been taken of English translation calques and style clumsiness. On the other hand, Literatura Polska characterises this publication as an apocrypha. It was only in that the original version of the diary, based on the notes made public by Tyrmand's wife and kept at Stanford University , was issued.
The edition of Dziennik has been translated into English by Anita K. Shelton and A. Tyrmand analyses the person of himself, his life and decisions taken, spending the bulk of the book analysing Poland in the Stalinism period, in which he lived by then.
In the book, Tyrmand, although self-described as a firm anti-communist, does not get involved in neither political nor ideological arguments against communism. For instance in a few places Tyrmand complains about a dirt plague in Warsaw. Diary contains a lot of personal criticism of both Tyrmand's acquaintances their identities often hidden behind initials as well as public figures. The brunt of his criticism is directed at moral attitudes of Polish artists, whom he considered lackeys of the state.
He also describes in detail his discussions with his friend Stefan Kisielewski. Descriptions of love and sex affairs of Tyrmand abound.
In a relationship at that time with an year-old girl in the first edition named 'Bogna', in the original 'Krystyna' , the author also goes back to his earlier affairs.
The editorial changes in the first edition of the book were made to adjust Tyrmand's image so that it fits better with the one he created in the United States in the s. The writer set store by showing his views' constancy over the numerous years, "This diary, written at full manhood, re-read at the twilight of midlife, gives me a feeling of self-loyalty — which always seemed to me as desirable and worthy of sacrifices.
A biographer Henryk Dasko notes that Diary would play a substantial role in autocreation of the legend of Tyrmand as an independent and unwavering creator. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The fragment was preserved only in the original version of the Diary. Categories : non-fiction books Diaries Polish non-fiction books. Hidden categories: Articles containing Polish-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December Namespaces Article Talk.
Leopold Tyrmand May 16, — March 19, was a Polish novelist, writer, and editor. He served as editor of an anti-communist monthly Chronicles of Culture with John A. Tyrmand died of a heart attack at the age of 64 in Florida. His father had a wholesale leather business. In he matriculated at Warsaw's Jan Kreczmar Gymnasium. There he met for the first time Western European culture and American jazz.