This early Grantha script was used to write Sanskrit texts, inscriptions on copper plates and stones of Hindu temples and monasteries. A more evolved modern Grantha script and a variant Tulu-Malayalam script has been in use since the 14th-century into the modern era, to write classical texts in Sanskrit and Dravidian languages. In its Pallava script origins, the Grantha script is related to the Tamil and the Vatteluttu scripts. The Tamil purist movement of the colonial-era sought to purge Grantha script and use the Tamil script exclusively. According to Kailasapathy, this was a part of Tamil nationalism and resembled regional ethnic chauvinism. In Sanskrit , grantha is literally 'a knot'.
|Published (Last):||17 April 2007|
|PDF File Size:||13.43 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.15 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This early Grantha script was used to write Sanskrit texts, inscriptions on copper plates and stones of Hindu temples and monasteries. A more evolved modern Grantha script and a variant Tulu-Malayalam script has been in use since the 14th-century into the modern era, to write classical texts in Sanskrit and Dravidian languages. In its Pallava script origins, the Grantha script is related to the Tamil and the Vatteluttu scripts.
The Tamil purist movement of the colonial-era sought to purge Grantha script and use the Tamil script exclusively. According to Kailasapathy, this was a part of Tamil nationalism and resembled regional ethnic chauvinism.
In Sanskrit , grantha is literally 'a knot'. This stems from the practice of binding inscribed palm leaves using a length of thread held by knots. Grantha was widely used to write Sanskrit in the Tamil-speaking parts of South Asia from about the 5th-century CE into the modern times.
The Grantha script was also historically used for writing Manipravalam, a blend of Tamil and Sanskrit which was used in the exegesis of Manipravalam texts. This evolved into a fairly complex writing system which required that Tamil words be written in the Tamil script and Sanskrit words be written in the Grantha script. By the 15th century, this had evolved to the point that both scripts would be used within the same word — if the root was derived from Sanskrit it would be written in the Grantha script, but any Tamil suffixes which were added to it would be written using the Tamil script.
This system of writing went out of use when Manipravalam declined in popularity, but it was customary to use the same convention in printed editions of texts originally written in Manipravalam until the middle of the 20th century.
In modern times, the Grantha script is used in religious contexts by Tamil-speaking Hindus. For example, they use the script to write a child's name for the first time during the naming ceremony, for the Sanskrit portion of traditional wedding cards , and for announcements of a person's last rites.
It is also used in many religious almanacs to print traditional formulaic summaries of the coming year. Grantha script may be classified as follows: . An archaic and ornamental variety of Grantha is sometimes referred to as Pallava Grantha. They were used by the Pallava in some inscriptions.
The Pallavas also produced a distinctive script separate from the Grantha family. Inscription of later Pallavas and Pandiyan Nedunchezhiyan are also examples of this variety of Grantha Script.
A variety of this form is called the Tigalari-Malayalam script, traceable from the 8th or 9th century CE. This variety was in vogue from CE to CE. Grantha in the present form descended from later Pandyas and the Vijayanagara rulers. Two varieties are found in modern era Grantha texts: the square form used by Hindus, and the round form used by Jains.
The Grantha script has evolved over time. The modern Grantha is illustrated below and shares similarities with the Modern Tamil Script. Sometimes ligatures of consonants with vowel diacritics may be found, e.
Grantha has two ways of representing consonant clusters. Sometimes, consonants in a cluster may form ligatures. Ligatures are normally preferred whenever they exist. If no ligatures exist, "stacked" forms of consonants are written, just as in Kannada and Telugu, with the lowest member of the stack being the only "live" consonant and the other members all being vowel-less.
Note that ligatures may be used as members of stacks also. These are often called "ya-phalaa" and "ra-vattu" in other Indic scripts. Grantha script vowel comparison with Malayalam, Tamil, Sinhala]:.
Grantha script was added to the Unicode Standard in June with the release of version 7. Some proposed to unify Grantha and Tamil;   however, the proposal triggered discontent by some.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indian script. Brahmi script Tamil Brahmi Pallava script Grantha. Unicode range. Northern Brahmic. Southern Brahmic. Main article: Pallava script. Main article: Grantha Unicode block. Grantha alphabet Alternative title: Grantha script. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oxford University Press. Tracing Manuscripts in Time and Space through Paratexts. Walter De Gruyter.
Pearson Education India. University of Hawaii Press. Mani; Geoff Wade Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Archived from the original on Retrieved Proposal to encode characters for Extended Tamil. Tamil Tribune. Unicode Standard for Grantha Script. Types of writing systems. History of writing Grapheme.
Ideograms and pictograms. Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut. Demotic Hieratic Hieroglyphs. Arabic Persian Urdu Pakistan. Algerian Braille obsolete. American Braille obsolete. Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille. Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode.
Internet slang variants. Padonkaffsky jargon Russian Translit Volapuk. Tamil language. Negombo Batticaloa Jaffna. Brahmin Tamil Arwi Malaysian Tamil. Tamil grammar Tamil honorifics Tamil numerals. Tamil phonology Tamil onomatopoeia Tamil prosody. ISO Mozhi. Kawi family. Grantha Vatteluttu Brahmic family. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Articles with short description Articles containing Tamil-language text Instances of Lang-ta using second unnamed parameter Articles containing Malayalam-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Kolezhuthu , Tamil script. The Brahmic script and its descendants. Notes 1. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grantha script. Overview History of writing Grapheme.
Grantha is an important historical script that was once used to write Sanskrit throughout South East Asia and greater Tamil Nadu. It was popular in Tamil Nadu until the early 20th century. After a gradual decline, Devanagari superseded it as the common script for Sanskrit. But Grantha still lingers around as a minority script and can be found in Panchangas, Yantras and Vedic schools around Tamil Nadu. The epigraphic variety of the Grantha script can be found as wall inscriptions in many temples. The script is an abugida with complex conjunct formations which makes it difficult to learn. The version presented here is the late modern variety of the Grantha script.
The Grantha alphabet is a descendent of the Brahmi alphabet and started to emerge during the 5th century AD. Most of the alphabets of southern India evolved from Grantha, and it also influenced the Sinhala and Thai alphabets. The Grantha alphabet has traditional been used by Tamil speakers to write Sanskrit and is still used in traditional vedic schools patasalas. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
To save this word, you'll need to log in. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: More than , words that aren't in our free dictionary Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes Advanced search features Ad free! Join Our Free Trial Now! Accessed 4 Jun.