This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or fewer. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information.
|Published (Last):||23 April 2019|
|PDF File Size:||7.30 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Gabelsberger shorthand , named for its creator, is a form of shorthand previously common in Germany and Austria. Created c. Gabelsberger shorthand has a full alphabet with signs for both consonants and vowels. The consonant signs were made by simplifying the features of cursive Latin letters. The vowel signs are used mainly when a vowel stands at the beginning or the end of a word. Vowels in the middle of words are represented symbolically, mainly by varying the position and the impact of the following consonant signs.
Contrary to the practice in many English shorthand systems e. Pitman Shorthand , vowels are never entirely omitted. Most German shorthand systems published after are ultimately based on Gabelsberger's system.
Modern German shorthand, Deutsche Einheitskurzschrift , retains most of the consonant signs of Gabelsberger's alphabet but has a modified system of vowel representation. Gabelsberger shorthand was adopted into many languages and was particularly successful in Scandinavia, the Slavic countries, and Italy.
A host of shorthand systems has since appeared that build on the graphic principles laid down by Gabelsberger. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Types of writing systems. History of writing Grapheme. Ideograms and pictograms. Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut. Demotic Hieratic Hieroglyphs. Arabic Persian Urdu Pakistan. Algerian Braille obsolete. American Braille obsolete. Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille. Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode.
Internet slang variants. Padonkaffsky jargon Russian Translit Volapuk. Categories : Shorthand systems Writing system stubs German history stubs Austrian history stubs. Hidden categories: Articles with short description All stub articles. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This German history article is a stub. This Austrian history article is a stub.
STENOGRAFIE & GABELSBERGER / KURZSCHRIFT - Stamp Auctions
File:Gabelsberger shorthand sample 1834 - Von dem Zwecke.png