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Gabelsberger shorthand , named for its creator, is a form of shorthand previously common in Germany and Austria. Created c. Gabelsberger shorthand has a full alphabet with signs for both consonants and vowels. The consonant signs were made by simplifying the features of cursive Latin letters. The vowel signs are used mainly when a vowel stands at the beginning or the end of a word. Vowels in the middle of words are represented symbolically, mainly by varying the position and the impact of the following consonant signs.

Contrary to the practice in many English shorthand systems e. Pitman Shorthand , vowels are never entirely omitted. Most German shorthand systems published after are ultimately based on Gabelsberger's system.

Modern German shorthand, Deutsche Einheitskurzschrift , retains most of the consonant signs of Gabelsberger's alphabet but has a modified system of vowel representation. Gabelsberger shorthand was adopted into many languages and was particularly successful in Scandinavia, the Slavic countries, and Italy.

A host of shorthand systems has since appeared that build on the graphic principles laid down by Gabelsberger. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Types of writing systems. History of writing Grapheme. Ideograms and pictograms. Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut. Demotic Hieratic Hieroglyphs. Arabic Persian Urdu Pakistan. Algerian Braille obsolete. American Braille obsolete. Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille. Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode.

Internet slang variants. Padonkaffsky jargon Russian Translit Volapuk. Categories : Shorthand systems Writing system stubs German history stubs Austrian history stubs. Hidden categories: Articles with short description All stub articles. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Franz Xaver Gabelsberger. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. Overview History of writing Grapheme. This writing system -related article is a stub.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This German history article is a stub. This Austrian history article is a stub.





File:Gabelsberger shorthand sample 1834 - Von dem Zwecke.png


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