EXECUTIVE ORDER 13526 PDF

Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? This order prescribes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying national security information, including information relating to defense against transnational terrorism. Our democratic principles require that the American people be informed of the activities of their Government. Also, our Nation's progress depends on the free flow of information both within the Government and to the American people.

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This Executive Order prescribes a uniform system for classifying , safeguarding , and declassifying national security information , including information relating to defense against transnational terrorism.

Under this system, the President, Vice President, agency heads, and any other officials designated by the President may classify information upon a determination that the unauthorized disclosure of such information could reasonably be expected to damage national security. This Order improves the process by which government information becomes " classified ," and how long it remains classified. It provides clarified, and stricter, standards for classifying information.

It further provides that government information "shall not be considered for classification unless its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause identifiable or describable damage to the national security " according to specified criteria, and furthermore provides explicit reasons for which classification is prohibited.

Information may be classified at one of three levels based on the amount of danger that its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause to national security. The standard for " Secret " information is "serious damage" to national security , while for " confidential " information the standard is "damage" to national security. Significantly, for each level, the original classifying officer must identify or describe the specific danger potentially presented by the information 's disclosure.

The officer who originally classifies the information establishes a date for declassification based upon the expected duration of the information 's sensitivity. If the office cannot set an earlier declassification date, then the information must be marked for declassification in 10 years, or 25 years, depending on the sensitivity of the information.

Classified information is required to be declassified "as soon as it no longer meets the standards for classification. Code will be automatically declassified , although agency heads can exempt from this requirement classified information that continues to be sensitive in a variety of specific areas. Agencies are required to review classification determinations upon a request for such a review that specifically identifies the materials so that the agency can locate them, unless the materials identified are part of an operational file exempt under the Freedom of Information Act FOIA or are the subject of pending litigation.

Access to classified information is generally limited to those who demonstrate their eligibility to the relevant agency head, sign a nondisclosure agreement , and have a need to know the information. Each agency is required to establish systems for controlling the distribution of classified information. ISOO is headed by a Director, who is appointed by the Archivist of the United States , and who has the authority to order declassification of information that, in the Director's view, is classified in violation of the aforementioned classification standards.

If the ISOO Director finds a violation of Executive Order or its implementing directives, then the Director must notify the appropriate classifying agency so that corrective steps can be taken. NARA has taken important steps to implement the Order and to ensure that agencies comply with it. In January , the Director of ISOO advised senior agency officials with responsibility to undertake comprehensive review of their classification standards and to facilitate their declassification efforts to issue periodic status reports on their progress.

In June , the National Declassification Center created by the Order held an open forum seeking public participation and feedback in response to the NDC 's draft plan to implement the Order and to prioritize declassification efforts. The NDC made clear that its efforts would focus on the declassification of government documents "determined to be of high public interest. The NDC also plans biannual reports tracking progress on agency declassification efforts. Under Executive Order , each respective agency is responsible for maintaining control over classified information it originates and is responsible for establishing uniform procedures to protect classified information and automated information systems in which classified information is stored or transmitted.

Standards for safeguarding classified information , including the handling, storage , distribution, transmittal , and destruction of and accounting for classified information , are developed by the ISOO. Agencies that receive information classified elsewhere are not permitted to transfer the information further without approval from the classifying agency.

Persons authorized to disseminate classified information outside the executive branch are required to ensure it receives protection equivalent to those required internally.

In the event of a knowing, willful , or negligent unauthorized disclosure or any such action that could reasonably be expected to result in an unauthorized disclosure , the agency head or senior agency official is required to notify ISOO and to "take appropriate and prompt corrective action. Sign In Don't have an account? Contents [ show ]. Categories :. Cancel Save.

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The President Executive Order 13526

As a component of the Obama Administration's initiative to improve transparency and open-access to the Federal Government and the information it produces formally introduced upon taking office in late January [2] and as a result of an agency-wide review and recommendation process ordered in May of that same year, [3] the issuance of EO was ultimately prompted by several factors. One factor was the large backlog of documents scheduled to be automatically declassified on December 31, and how to deal with that reality. These latest regulations, at the time, went into full effect on June 25, except for sections 1. EO restated the authorized list of designees who can originate classification, in effect rescinding any previous designations made by officials or agency heads to subordinates. The major focus is the idea that information should become declassified systematically as soon as practicable.

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Executive Order 13526

This order prescribes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying national security information, including information relating to defense against transnational terrorism. Our democratic principles require that the American people be informed of the activities of their Government. Nevertheless, throughout our history, the national defense has required that certain information be maintained in confidence in order to protect our citizens, our democratic institutions, our homeland security, and our interactions with foreign nations. This provision does not: 1 amplify or modify the substantive criteria or procedures for classification; or 2 create any substantive or procedural rights subject to judicial review.

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This Executive Order prescribes a uniform system for classifying , safeguarding , and declassifying national security information , including information relating to defense against transnational terrorism. Under this system, the President, Vice President, agency heads, and any other officials designated by the President may classify information upon a determination that the unauthorized disclosure of such information could reasonably be expected to damage national security. This Order improves the process by which government information becomes " classified ," and how long it remains classified. It provides clarified, and stricter, standards for classifying information. It further provides that government information "shall not be considered for classification unless its unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause identifiable or describable damage to the national security " according to specified criteria, and furthermore provides explicit reasons for which classification is prohibited.

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