Esses modelos apresentam enfoques complementares no estudo da moralidade. Abstract: Prosocial moral development: similarities and differences between Eisenberg's and Kohlberg's theoretical models. This paper presents a critical review of the literature on pro-social moral development. Eisenberg's pro-social development model is presented and discussed in contrast to Kohlberg's theory. These models focus on complementary views in the study of morality.
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Esses modelos apresentam enfoques complementares no estudo da moralidade. Abstract: Prosocial moral development: similarities and differences between Eisenberg's and Kohlberg's theoretical models.
This paper presents a critical review of the literature on pro-social moral development. Eisenberg's pro-social development model is presented and discussed in contrast to Kohlberg's theory.
These models focus on complementary views in the study of morality. Whereas Kohlberg studied moral judgment using dilemmas involving transgressions, Eisenberg looks at pro-social actions, such as helping behavior.
Psychological factors that might determine pro-social reasoning are also presented and discussed. Finally, recent research criticizing or corroborating either model is summarized. Key-words: Prosocial, Moral, Development. Trinta e oito pessoas ouviram seus gritos e viram seu assassino.
Seu comportamento depende do controle exercido pelo ambiente social. Kohlberg , p. Em suma, o modelo de Eisenberg-Berg a vem sendo aplicado em estudos realizados em culturas diferentes. Estes fatores apresentam-se de forma interdependente, interagindo e influenciando o desenvolvimento de maneira complexa. Quando elas assistem aos outros podem ter oportunidade de ocupar seu lugar e aprender sobre suas perspectivas e seus sentimentos.
A escola, em geral, define seus objetivos educacionais e procura desenvolver formas de comportamento social que considera adequadas. As respostas de ajuda mostraram-se positivamente correlacionadas com responsividade emocional e com responsabilidade social Staub, Avgar, A. Socialization practices of parents, teachers, and peers in Israel: Kibbutz, moshav, and city.
Child Development , 48 , Social Learning Theory. Effects of competition and relative deservedness of the other's fate on children's generosity. Developmental Psychology , 11 , Influence of the reason for the other's affect on preschoolers' empathy response. Journal of Genetic Psychology , , Prosocial behavior, social inferential ability, and assertiveness in young children.
Sequencial development of helping behavior: A cognitive-learning approach. Developmental Review , 2 , Relationships between the development of helping behavior and the development of cognition, social perspective, and moral judgment. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs , 11 , The relationship between Israeli children's helping behavior and their perception of parents' socialization practices.
Journal of Social Psychology , 98 , The development of altruistic behavior: Empirical evidence. Developmental Psychology , 16 , Motives for helping: Kibbutz and city children in kindergarten and school.
Developmental Psychology , 17 , Reciprocity behavior in the relationship between donor and recipient harm-doer victim. Sociometry , 40 , Current patterns of parental authority.
Developmental Psychology Monographs , 1 , Success, failure, and social responsability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 4 , Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends.
A developmental study of moral judgment of Brazilian children and adolescents. Interamerican Journal of Psychology , 10 , Pesquisas em Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e da Personalidade. Porto Alegre, Eduni - Sul. Psicologia do Desenvolvimento. Alienation - black and white, or the uncommitted revisited. Journal of Social Issues , 25 , Piaget's mountains revisited: Changes in egocentric landscape. Who deserves what from whom. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , 1 , Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia , 39 , Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia , 36 , Psicologia , 10 , From Instinct to Identity.
Relationship between maturity of moral judgment and altruism. Two Worlds of Childhood: U. S and U. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Children's cooperation and helping behaviors. Hetherington Org. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Correlates and dimensions of prosocial behavior: A study of female siblings with their mothers. Child Development , 51 , On the conflicts between biological and social evolution, and between psychology and moral tradition.
American Psychologist , 30 , Cognitive processes and prosocial behaviors among children: The role of affective attributions and reconciliations. Developmental Psychology , 27 , A cross-national study on the relations among prosocial moral reasoninig, gender role orientations, and prosocial behaviors.
Developmental Psychology , 32 , Developmental similarities and differences in the correlates of Brazilians' and North Americans' prosocial moral reasoning. Prosocial moral reasoning in delinquent and non-delinquent Brazilian adolescents.
Colby, A. The measurement of moral judgment: Theoretical foundations and research validation , vol. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Psicologia Teoria e Pesquisa , 2 , International Sociological Science Journal , 14 , Parental influences techniques: An attributional analysis. Child Development , 54 , Other centeredness and susceptibility to charitable appeals: Effect of perceived discipline.
Developmental Psychology , 10 , Siblings and the development of prosocial behaviors. International Journal of Behavioral Development , 9 , Gender and helping behavior: A meta-analytic review of the social psychological literature. Psychological Bulletin , , The Development of Prosocial Behavior. New York: Academic Press.
Children's differentiations among potential recipients of aid. Child Development , 3 , Altruistic Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior. The Caring Child. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. The development of prosocial behavior and cognitions in German children. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology , 16 , Prosocial development: A longitudinal study.
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Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development
Judgment and moral action: theoretic challenges in psychology. The attending article presents and discusses the debate within the cognitive constructivist theories, which have as main representatives Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. Such theories of rationalist and structuralist tradition maintain continuity between judgment and moral action and, at the same time, launch points of discussion on the complexity involved in the theme. New work fronts suggest the integration of other elements: culture, affectionateness, and the self, beyond the structures that may compound a referential that explains the relations between the aspects involved in moral behavior. Lastly, despite the criticism indicating a promising path in the search about judgment and moral action, considering its complex character, there are still limits in the making of the theoretical and methodological frameworks that articulate different perspectives of moral psychological analyses. Keywords: moral; psychology; moral judgment; moral action. Autores como La Taille a e Freitag apontam para a necessidade de estudos sobre a moralidade humana diante desse contexto de crise.
Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget. Kohlberg began work on this topic while being a psychology graduate student at the University of Chicago in and expanded upon the theory throughout his life. The theory holds that moral reasoning , a necessary but not sufficient condition for ethical behavior,  has six developmental stages , each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor. The six stages of moral development occur in phases of pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional morality. For his studies, Kohlberg relied on stories such as the Heinz dilemma and was interested in how individuals would justify their actions if placed in similar moral dilemmas. He analyzed the form of moral reasoning displayed, rather than its conclusion and classified it into one of six stages.
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