Dekliniere und kompariere mehr als Um alle Adjektivformen mit den grammatischen Merkmalen anzuzeigen, gib einfach ein beliebiges Adjektiv in das Eingabefeld des Deklinators bzw. Komparators ein. Die Deklinationsformen werden getrennt nach den Steigerungsstufen der Komparation dargestellt. Dies richtet sich danach, ob und welche Artikel vor den attributiv gebrauchten Adjektiven stehen.
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The disadvantage is that you have to learn a not very complicated new concept which you will find only on this page: the "determiner" you may occasionally find this term in other German texts with a slightly different meaning.
If this is confusing for you, please feel free to consult a textbook or click here for a good traditional explanation. There are 15 items, so keep clicking on "weiter" when you finish a page. This exercise will open in a new window, as its navigation buttons will take you to a web worksheet on art, and not back to this page on adjective endings.
This exercise, compiled by Dr. If there is a determiner preceding the adjective, the adjective will end in -e or -en "weak endings". This amounts to the following table of endings:. There is no determiner present here. There is a determiner present here: "einem," an ein-word with an ending. There is a determiner present here: "ihrem," an ein-word with an ending.
There is a determiner present here: "die. There is a determiner present here: "das. There is no determiner present here: "ein" is present, but it does not have an ending, so it is not a determiner.
There is a determiner present here: "der. There is a determiner present here: "einen," an ein-word with an ending. Summary Diagnostic Exercises check if you've mastered this topic!
You will be asked 20 questions. Incorrect guesses will reduce your score. When you are finished, click "Submit" if you are satisfied with your score. Each question involves a German idiom or figure of speech. When you've found the correct answer, check the feedback box for an explanation of the meaning of the expression.
If the adjective does not precede the noun , it takes no ending! Click here to review the ein-word endings. There are a few special cases: Viel and wenig take no adjective endings in the singular when they are not preceded by a determiner which they usually aren't.
They take regular adjective endings in the plural. Hoch drops the "c" and adjectives ending in -el or -er drop their final "e" when they take adjective endings.
Some adjectives never take endings, e. Determiners Please note that you will not generally find this terminology outside of this webpage, e. The term "determiner" is occasionally used in some textbooks, but usually in a slightly different sense than here, so be careful! Note that a determiner may occasionally be concealed in a contraction, e. Weak Endings "Determiner" Present : -e or -en If there is a determiner preceding the adjective, the adjective will end in -e or -en "weak endings".
M N F Pl Nominative -e -e -e -en Accusative -en -e -e -en Dative -en -en -en -en Genitive -en -en -en -en Another way of thinking about the information in this table: Once you've figured out that the adjective is preceded by a determiner, you know it will end in -e or -en. From the above table, you can see that if the noun is in the dative or genitive, or if it is in the plural, the adjective ending will be -en.
If the noun is in the nominative singular, the adjective ending will be -e. In the accusative singular, masculine nouns will require an -en adjective ending, and neuter and feminine nouns will require an -e adjective ending. Note the exception to the rule described in this section for the Masculine and Neuter Genitive, but note also that you will almost never come across an adjective in the Masculine or Neuter Genitive without a determiner. Examples 1. Notes If there is more than one adjective preceding a noun, they will all take the same ending.
Adjectives following the verbs sein , werden and bleiben are called predicate adjectives , as opposed to attributive adjectives , which precede the noun they describe and take adjective endings. Examples of predicate adjectives: Das Bett ist warm. Der Mann wird alt. Thinking about whether the adjective precedes the noun will also help you avoid the temptation to give adjective endings to adverbs , such as " schnell " in the sentence "Der Hund rennt schnell. On the other hand, it is possible for them both to end in -e feminine nominative or accusative , or for them both to end in -en masculine accusative and dative plural : Das ist ein e nett e Frau; Ich kenne ein e nett e Frau; Ich kenne ein en nett en Mann [masc.
There are a few special cases: Viel and wenig take no adjective endings in the singular when they are not preceded by a determiner which they usually aren't : "Ich habe viel Zeit und viel Geld, aber wenig Schokolade. Adjective Nouns [Substantivierte Adjektive] When adjectives are used as nouns e. There are some common adjective nouns referring to people, which are listed below.
In addition, abstractions such as "the good" or "the new" can be formed from adjectives. These will be neuter, and often follow words like nichts , etwas and wenig , after which they take the ending -es nichts Neu es , etwas Gut es , or the word alles , which acts as a determiner, so that after it they take the ending -e Alles Gut e!
Diagnostic Exercises check if you've mastered this topic!
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