Rishi Kapila is credited with authoring the influential Samkhya-sutra, in which aphoristic sutras present the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya. Many historic personalities in Hinduism and Jainism , mythical figures, pilgrimage sites in Indian religion, as well as an ancient variety of cow went by the name Kapila. The name Kapila appears in many texts, and it is likely that these names refer to different people. While he pre-dates Buddha , it is unclear which century he lived in, with some suggesting 6th-century BCE. Kapila is credited with authoring an influential sutra , called Samkhya-sutra also called Kapila-sutra , which aphoristically presents the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya.
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Rishi Kapila is credited with authoring the influential Samkhya-sutra, in which aphoristic sutras present the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya. Many historic personalities in Hinduism and Jainism , mythical figures, pilgrimage sites in Indian religion, as well as an ancient variety of cow went by the name Kapila. The name Kapila appears in many texts, and it is likely that these names refer to different people. While he pre-dates Buddha , it is unclear which century he lived in, with some suggesting 6th-century BCE.
Kapila is credited with authoring an influential sutra , called Samkhya-sutra also called Kapila-sutra , which aphoristically presents the dualistic philosophy of Samkhya. The name Kapila is used for many individuals in Hinduism, few of which may refer to the same person.
The Rigveda X. Kapila, states George Williams, lived long before the composition of the Epics and the Puranas, and his name was coopted in various later composed mythologies. Houben, Karel Rijk van Kooij. Kapila is mentioned in chapter VIII of the Uttaradhyayana-sutra , states Larson and Bhattacharya, where a discourse of poetical verses is titled as Kaviliyam , or "Kapila's verses".
The name Kapila appears in Jaina texts. For example, in the 12th century Hemacandra 's epic poem on Jain elders, Kapila appears as a Brahmin who converted to Jainism during the Nanda Empire era.
According to Jnatadharmakatha , Kapila was a contemporary of Krishna and the Vasudeva of Dhatakikhanda. The text further mentions that both of them blew their shankha counch together. Buddhists literature, such as the Jataka tales , state the Buddha was Kapila in one of his previous lives. Scholars have long compared and associated the teachings of Kapila and Buddha. For example, Max Muller wrote abridged ,.
There are no doubt certain notions which Buddha shares in common, not only with Kapila, but with every Hindu philosopher. It has been said that Buddha and Kapila were both atheists, and that Buddha borrowed his atheism from Kapila. But atheism is an indefinite term, and may mean very different things. In one sense, every Indian philosopher was an atheist, for they all perceived that the gods of the populace could not claim the attributes that belong to a Supreme Being Absolute, the source of all that exists or seems to exist, Brahman.
Kapila, when accused of atheism, is not accused of denying the existence of an Absolute Being. He is accused of denying the existence of an Ishvara. Max Muller states the link between the more ancient Kapila's teachings on Buddha can be overstated. As Buddhist art often depicts Vedic deities, one can find art of both Narayana and Kapila as kings within a Buddhist temple, along with statues of Buddhist figures such as Amitabha, Maitreya, and Vairocana.
The following works were authored by Kapila, some of which are lost, and known because they are mentioned in other works; while few others are unpublished manuscripts available in libraries stated: [ citation needed ]. Kapila's Samkhya is taught in various Hindu texts:. Kapila, the founder of Samkhya, has been a highly revered sage in various schools of Hindu philosophy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Hindu sage Kapila. For other uses, see Kapila disambiguation. Teachers Acharyas. Adi Shankara. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Tantra Shakta. Major texts. The Mother carries on her breast the Infant of noble form and soothes it while it knows not. But we do not know anything else as regards the Kapila with whom the said branch was associated. Further in the khilas of the Rgveda, one Kapila is mentioned along with some other sages.
A hermit is he who regulates his conduct entirely according to the Institutes proclaimed by Vikhanas. Striving with the gods, he made these divisions. A wise man should not take heed of them. The original concept of Kapila, the asura exponent of one of the oldest systems of philosophy is, however, preserved in the present inscription. He was so named because he was fed on the breast-milk of a brahmana lady, Kapila.
According to Chattopadhyaya, "We have to take the story of Kapila breast-feeding Panchasikha ina figurative sense and if we do so the myth might suggest the story of an original female preceptor of the Samkhya system. Woman as Fire, Woman as Sage. State University of New York Press. Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 11 October CS1 maint: extra text: authors list link , Quote:"Kapila fl.
Traditional Epics: A Literary Companion. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 23 December What I Require From Life. Lochtefeld The Rosen Publishing Group. Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 28 February Jacobsen Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: Salvific Space.
Archived from the original on 19 January Fynes Translator The Lives of the Jain Elders. Archived from the original on 11 January By Knut A.
The Journal of Hindu Studies. Herman University Press of America. Archived PDF from the original on 22 August Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 10 August Srinivasa Sarma A History of Indian Literature.
Motilal Banarsidass. Archived from the original on 8 July Max The Upanishads, Part 2. Courier Corporation. Williams Handbook of Hindu Mythology. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. Archived from the original on 22 December Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. The Advaitic Theism of the Bhagavata Purana. Columbia, Mo: South Asia Books. Archived from the original on 15 February Srimadbhagavatam: A Concise Narrative.
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. H The Vishnu Purana. Hindusim--An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin, UK. Archived from the original on 12 May Motilal Banarsidass Publ. Houben; Karel Rijk van Kooij Archived from the original on 12 January Internet Archive. The Christian Literature Company.
ISBN 13: 9788189798239
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Sage Kapil Muni - author of the Sankhya Darshan
If you see square boxes and don't see Hindi when you type, then click here. If there are thoughts in the mind, meditation does not take place. When there is an idol, one is forced to think about its existence, colours, eyes, clothes etc. If the sight of an idol puts God in one's mind, why cannot this wonderful creation which comprehends the earth, water, fire, air and vegetation and a hundred and one other things? Can one think of God when he looks at the earth and the mountains that are wonderfully constructed? It is altogether wrong to say that sight of an idol makes one think of God. This would mean that when the idol is out of sight, the devotee would not think of God and, consequently when all alone, may succumb to the temptation of committing theft, adultery and the like sins.
Sage Kapil Muni: Author of the Sankhya Darshan Kapil muni was born equipped with rare intellect, dispassion and spiritual powers. He teaches that there is an unbroken continuity from the lowest inorganic to the highest organic forms. The source of world according to him is Prakriti fundamental nature. According to Kapil Muni, there are twenty-five principles responsible for the manifestation of the Creation Samasara , out of which Purusha and Prakriti are eternal and independent of each other. Kapila is not concerned to deny the reality of personal God or Maheshwara. Yet his assertion is that, no arguments can irrefutably establish God's reality. Therefore, in his model of creation the Purusha Spirit and Prakrity matter are held solely responsible for creation, without acknowledging an Almighty and intelligent Creator, the God.