Purchase from one of these links to benefit Bart:. He then goes on to discuss works that were wrongly claimed to have been written by Peter or by Paul as well as other forgeries, including some in the last two centuries. Most of the forgeries Ehrman discusses served Christian anti-Jewish propaganda, although some were antipagan, while the so-called Gospel of Nicodemus was an attempt to correct the very anti-Christian Acts of Pilate. VERDICT Ehrman reveals for ordinary readers what most mainstream biblical scholars accept, but he then attributes motives to the writers, which are more speculative, ending his book with a discussion of a few justifiable lies or forgeries and those not justified all the rest. Craft, emerita, Longwood Univ. Their readers, had they known, would probably have called them liars and condemned what they did.

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As a global organisation, we, like many others, recognize the significant threat posed by the coronavirus. During this time, we have made some of our learning resources freely accessible. Our distribution centres are open and orders can be placed online. Do be advised that shipments may be delayed due to extra safety precautions implemented at our centres and delays with local shipping carriers. It examines the motivation and function behind Christian literary forgeries.

Ehrman guides readers through Christian literary forgeries of the first four centuries CE while providing coverage of other ancient texts. He asks why early Christians lied about themselves when writing polemical works; and then answers by showing how unknown Christian authors used forgeries to defend their own faith and attack other interpretations of early Christianity.

He further asks why many scholars resist acknowledging their forgeries; and he answers that the forgeries uncomfortably call into question the authority of the New Testament. The book is essential reading for those interested in early Christianity and the New Testament. Bart D. Ehrman , James A. Ehrman is the James A.

Professor Ehrman completed his M. New York Times best-selling author. Ramelli, Filologia Neotestamentaria. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Academic Skip to main content.

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Please contact our Customer Service Team if you have any questions. To purchase, visit your preferred ebook provider. Ehrman This is the first comprehensive study of literary forgery in the early Christian tradition ever produced in English. It establishes once and for all that ancient critics considered the use of false authorial names to be a form of literary deceit, lying.

It evaluates every major aspect of the phenomenon in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, including ancient Judaism: the extent of the phenomenon, ancient attitudes towards it, intentions of forgers, their motivations, the techniques they used to avoid detection, the methods critics used to expose them, and the reactions to forgers and their work once they were exposed.

It considers every instance of Christian forgery produced for polemical purposes from the time of the New Testament nearly half of the New Testament books make false authorial claims through the second and third centuries, and up to the end of the fourth century, with the Pseudo-Ignatian letters and the pseudonymous Apostolic Constitutions.

For works whose authorship is hotly debated among scholars for example, 1 Peter; 2 Timothy , establishes decisive grounds for understanding the work as a forgery; in instances where there is now little debate for example, 2 Peter, the Pseudo-Ignatians , summarizes the arguments that are widely deemed compelling. Establishes the polemical use of every forgery he considers, whether in Christians' conflicts with Jews and Judaism, with pagans and paganism, or with one another in the heated debates over early Christian doctrine and practice.

Highlights in particular the phenomenon that he labels "counter-forgery," in which a forger directs his work against another work that is a forgery, seeing instances of the phenomenon from our earliest surviving traditions 2 Thessalonians on up through the Fourth Century the Acts of Pilate and the Apostolic Constitutions.

Shows that some well-known works not generally considered to be forged do in fact make clear false authorial claims, including the New Testament books of Acts and 1 John. Set within the context of other related phenomena: the false attribution of otherwise anonymous writings the Gospels of the New Testament , the fabrication of legendary narratives the apocryphal acts of the Apostles, early Christian gospel traditions , the falsification of texts through scribal activities, and plagiarism - themselves maligned literary practices in antiquity.

Concludes with a detailed discussion of ancient Christian discourses on "lying," showing that widely disparate views of the practice were held by such well-known authors as Augustine, who argued that the Christian should never lie, under any circumstances whatsoever, and John Cassian, who, with the majority of Christians, maintained that there were situations in which it was, in fact, the right thing to do to deceive another.

It is within these discourses of lying and deception that the forgers' self-justifications are probably to be situated. Also of Interest. Blessed Among Women? Alicia D Myers. Scripturalectics Vincent L. Gospels before the Book Matthew D. Lost Scriptures Bart D. Jesus Bart D.


Review of Bart Ehrman’s book “Forged: Writing in the Name of God”…

Bart D. Licona, March 27, On March 22, the New Testament scholar Bart Ehrman published his latest iconoclastic book challenging the traditional Christian view. Ehrman is well read on the subject, citing from a number of doctoral dissertations, scholarly monographs, and journal articles in both English and German. Why is the subject matter of this book important?


Forged: Writing in the Name of God

Below is a link to the lecture. I gave the lecture soon after my book Forged: Writing in the Name of God. In that book I try to present, to a lay audience, the evidence Commonwealth Club , Forgery and Counterforgery.


Forgery and Counter-forgery

In response to the lecture on ancient practices of pseudepigraphy writing in the name of a famous person when, alas, you are actually someone else , I received this important question, getting to the very basics — the heart and soul of the issue for students of early Christianity. Dr Ehrman I know you have published and spoken on the topic, but would you mind sharing which NT books are pseudepigraphal? It was very common in the Christian world as well. Before answering the question directly at the end of this post, let me just say something about how widespread the practice was in Christianity from outside the New Testament. Here is how I introduce the matter in my scholarly book Forgery and Counterforgery. Arguably the most distinctive feature of the early Christian literature is the degree to which it was forged. From the period of the New Testament, from which some thirty writings survive intact or in part, only….

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