CECORA 1620 PDF

Because of the failure of Commonwealth diplomatic mission to Constantinople, and violations of the Treaty of Busza by both sides as Cossacks and Tatars continued their raids across the borders , relations between the Ottomans and the Commonwealth rapidly deteriorated in early Both sides began preparing for war, as neither was quite ready for it at the time. The Ottomans planned for a war in , while the Commonwealth Sejm denied most funds the hetmans had asked for. The Senate's secret council finally decided, convinced by the Habsburgs' representative, to contribute the Commonwealth forces in —even though many members of the Sejm thought that Polish forces were neither sufficient nor fully prepared.

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The Polish-Lithuanian army had entered Moldavia to support a rebellion by Gratiani, the ruler of Moldavia, against Ottoman authority.

The army, led by Hetman Stanislas Zolkiewski, was only 8, strong, but Gratiani had promised to raise an army 25, strong. When Zolkiewski reached Moldavia he discovered that Gratiani had only been able to find men. The allied were opposed by a somewhat larger Ottoman army under Iskandar Pasha.

The two armies clashed near Cecora on 18 September. The Polish-Lithuanian army held its own on this first day of fighting sometimes referred to as the battle of Jassy , but was clearly outnumbered.

An eleven day standoff followed, before Zolkiewski was able to organise a retreat 29 September. For eight days the Polish-Lithuanian army maintained its discipline, holding off Ottoman attacks, but on 6 October that discipline collapsed during another Ottoman attack. The Polish-Lithuanian army was virtually annihilated. Zolkiewski was killed, and his head sent to the Sultan.

This invasion would be halted at Chocim , a drawn battle that ended the war. The failure of this military expedition was a significant factor in the fall of Osman II, who was deposed in Help - F. Follow DrJohnRickard.

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Battle of Cecora (1595)

In response the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed III , who had been Aaron's protector and sovereign, decided to put an end to the ongoing power struggles in Moldavia, Wallachia and Transylvania between various magnates. While Wallachia was to receive a new Turkish sponsored ruler, Moldavia was to be simply incorporated into the Ottoman Empire as a province. The Ottoman intervention aroused alarms in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth which sought to reestablish its influence in the region, having lost sovereignty over Moldavia some hundred years earlier after the Battle of the Cosmin Forest. Upon hearing that the Tatars were approaching, Zamoyski crossed the Prut river and on September 6 had his troops erect a fortified camp, which was protected on both flanks by the river. The front of the camp in turn was defended by a rampart studded with thirteen bastions. The rampart also possessed four sally ports which could be used for sorties. The Khan's army arrived on the 18th of September.

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Category:Battle of Cecora (1620)

Because of the failure of Commonwealth diplomatic mission to Constantinople , and violations of the Treaty of Busza by both sides as Cossacks and Tatars continued their raids across the borders , relations between the Ottomans and the Commonwealth rapidly deteriorated in early Both sides began preparing for war, as neither was quite ready for it at the time. The Ottomans declared war against Poland in and planned to attack in the spring of The Senate 's secret council finally decided, convinced by the Habsburgs ' representative, to contribute the Commonwealth forces in —even though many members of the Sejm thought that Polish-Lithuanian forces were neither sufficient nor fully prepared. The army entered Moldavia in September. The Moldavian ruler, hospodar Gaspar Graziani , nominally a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, decided to rebel and support the Commonwealth against the Ottomans.

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