We are on the ground in countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners. In all our activities, we encourage the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women. The report is an independent publication commissioned by UNDP.

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We are on the ground in countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners. In all our activities, we encourage the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women. The report is an independent publication commissioned by UNDP. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission.

NHDRs have become an important tool for formulating development policies and strategies and a culmination of inclusive consultations that have helped build consensus among national stakeholders. It discusses adaptation options and their potential synergies with the overarching development goals of the country.

At the same time, the importance of mitigating future greenhouse gas emissions and climate change cannot be neglected, and, as underlined in the Report, adaptation has to go hand in hand with mitigation. The Report is a call to action. It aims to inspire decision-makers and the general public to act now for the sake of current and future generations. It highlights areas where action is needed in terms of adaptation to climate change, and explains the implications for sectoral and cross-sectoral development policies.

It also convincingly demonstrates best practices and the experience of other countries in addressing some of the issues of concern presented in the Report. Climate change is recognised as a priority challenge that humanity is facing in the 21st century, and it is no longer a distant prospect.

Some of its consequences — like increased frequency and intensity of natural hazards — are already being felt. As a result, climate change poses a serious threat to achieving the MDGs which Moldova has committed to.

At the same time, climate change can create opportunities for transforming the economy in the direction of greater sustainability, thus paving the way towards poverty reduction and the achievement of the MDGs. Its intended audience is policy makers at the national, regional and local levels, civil society and academia, donors and providers of technical assistance, and the general public.

The Report emphasises the importance of individual behavioural changes that. I look forward to this Report generating discussions about the impact of climate change on Moldova, the role of government and individuals in addressing it and the proposed policy recommendations. I hope that such national dialogue will help the country achieve greater progress.

This phenomenon is a threat to the environment and a deterrent to economic growth and global welfare. The Republic of Moldova is no exception. Climate change has become a threat to sustainable development and climate change mitigation and adaptation measures should become a priority of national policy. Population growth and increased consumption of material goods lead to a growing impact on the environment.

Excessive consumption of natural resources has resulted in increased GHG emissions, causing the warming of the Earth over the last century and, ultimately, could lead to the collapse of the global climate system. Finding such a compromise will ensure sustainable development for humankind. Four projects are currently being implemented under the Clean Development Mechanism in the Republic of Moldova. The Ministry of Environment is constantly looking for new partners who would be willing to implement such projects.

The National Coordinator and members of the Working Group take active part in various national, regional and global activities. It aims to inform decision makers and the public about the impact of climate change on the environment, the key sectors of the national economy and the social sector.

Many others contributed to the Report either directly, through feedback on drafts, discussions, background papers, or indirectly through their research. We would like to thank all those directly or indirectly involved in guiding the development of this Report, while retaining sole responsibility for any remaining errors. Red Union Fenosa S. Climate change as major human development risk Guide to the report What is human development?

Evolving approaches to human development Links between climate change and human development in Moldova Human development achievements and setbacks in Moldova Education as an enabler of human development Health as a basic component of human development Trends in the Human Development Index Human development as adaptive capacity Measuring adaptive capacity Region types of similar adaptive capacity in Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria What do we know from current global and relevant regional climate models?

The global picture Current climate of Moldova: general description, observed trends and variability Necessity to study the regional climate change Likely changes in humidity conditions Projections of changes in frequency and severity of extreme meteorological events European projections Moldovan projections Current state of water resources Water quantity Water quality Water use Water disposal Potential climate change impact on water resources Policy discussion and recommendations Current status of the main ecosystems in Moldova Potential climate change impact on ecosystems in Moldova The current situation in Moldovan agriculture The current condition of the transportation system Potential climate change impact on transportation system Possible adaptation measures and recommendations Possible impact of climate change The current state of public health in the light of climate change Potential impact of climate change on human health Why is risk transfer a key issue for adaptive capacity?

Status quo of risk transfer in Moldova Property insurance Agricultural insurance What properties should a risk transfer mechanism have? Suggestions for policy reform Adaptation options in support of development goals Main Actors Adaptation policy strategy An informed public is an important ally Paving the way towards public participation Education and training — answering the questions Fostering human solidarity Climate change and human rights Conclusions for policy makers Analytical linkage between human development and MDGs Negative impact of climate change on MDGs and human development Components of the Gender-related Development Index in Moldova Regional adaptive capacity by region type Average water use by decades Table Supply of basic ecosystems services International treaties and conventions to which the Republic of Moldova has signed up Proposed adaptation measures Livestock population in all farms, thousand heads Evolution of prices of basic food, MDL Climate and soil parameters in the climate zones of Moldova Degree of exposure and adaptation of crops by areas Climate factors which determine and contribute to the spread of disease Morbidity rate from infections, per , cases according to annual statistical data provided by the National Center for Preventive Medicine


Jewish Resistance to “Romanianization,” 1940–44

Complete in full, retain one copy and distribute in the following manner: Search a Best Practice The Third Industrial Revolution corresponds to the transition to an economy characterized by the use of renewable energies and developing decentralized impdim networks. Search best practices By keywords: Select the rewarded Best Practices. Workplace health and safety. Access to basic services.








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