Mikhail Bakhtin and "Expressive Discourse. Mikhail Bakhtin 's concept of dialogism has applications to rhetoric and composition instruction. Dialogism, sometimes translated as intertextuality, is the term Bakhtin used to designate the relation of one utterance to other utterances. Dialogism is not dialogue in the usual sense of the word; it is the context which informs utterance, and…. Waiting for Answerability: Bakhtin and Composition Studies. Discusses Mikhail Bakhtin 's interest in ethical action and response, or "answerability," and its relevance for composition studies.
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Limites Caracteristicos. The problem of the detection or when the radioactivity can be considered as higher than the background using different measurement techniques has been the objective of several statistical studies and controversies. The detection limit and the critical limit were studied by Currie in year and used by radiochemistry laboratories considering different ways of calculation that introduced confusion and not correct implementations.
In the last few years, and due to the increasing number of standardization processes on the field of radioactivity and accreditation, several international institutions have chosen to unify the criteria for using common determination of detection limits. In this report are summarised both standards doing a comparative study and giving some examples of how to apply these limits. In same cases, little differences in the uncertainty calculation have been observed but the final results have been concordant.
Author 17 refs. Reconstruction of the limit cycles by the delays method; Reconstruccion de ciclos limite por el metodo de los retardos. Castillo D, R. The boiling water reactors BWRs are designed for usually to operate in a stable-lineal regime. In a limit cycle the behavior of the one system is no lineal-stable.
In a BWR, instabilities of nuclear- thermohydraulics nature can take the reactor to a limit cycle. In this work the employment of the delays method is analyzed for its application in the detection of limit cycles in a nuclear power plant. The foundations of the method and it application to power signals to different operation conditions are presented.
The analyzed signals are: to steady state, nuclear-thermohydraulic instability, a non linear transitory and, finally, failure of a controller plant. Among the main results it was found that the delays method can be applied to detect limit cycles in the power monitors of the BWR reactors.
It was also found that the first zero of the autocorrelation function is an appropriate approach to select the delay in the detection of limit cycles, for the analyzed cases.
Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Advergames represent a new advertising concept that uses Internet technology to implement viral marketing campaigns.
A new method for the coefficients of the characteristic polynomial; Un metodo nuevo para los coeficientes del polinomio caracteristico. In linear algebra, one can associate an equation to each square matrix: its characteristic equation or secular equation.
Starting from this equation, the one characteristic polynomial that codes several important properties of the matrix is obtained: its own values, it determinant and it appearance. The first method to calculate those coefficients of this polynomial were proposed by the french astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier , from then on, many methods have intended to calculate these coefficients. In this work the author proposes a new one method and a bibliographical citation is given where the calculations with others methods that know each other for it, taking like reference the matrix used by Le Verrier are explained.
It was concluded that it here proposed, besides being the only mexican method that is knew, has the advantage of being very easy of understanding and of calculating well, in the operations that it carries out, it doesn't use the division and it avoids fractions in matrices whose entrances are whole. This has a great importance for their use in the classroom for their great didactic value and in nuclear reactors and Genetic Engineering. Comparison between subjective and quantitative methods for assessing the resolution limit of radiographic systems; Comparacao entre metodos subjetivos e quantitativos na medida da resolucao limite de sistemas radiograficos.
Faculdade de Medicina. The aim of this study was to compare two ways of measuring the resolution limit of radiographic systems, one subjective and one quantitative. To this end, nine images were acquired with different radiographic techniques using a pattern of bars and aluminum plates. Although we have observed a greater variation between measurements obtained using the bar-pattern, the simplicity of this measuring technique favors the common use of the same.
We concluded that, to optimize the quality control of radiographic equipment, it is suggested to measure the MTF at least in periods of time while the annual pattern of bars to be used in shorter time periods to measure changes in resolution of the system. Global confinement characteristics of Jet limiter plasmas. Data from a wide variety of plasma pulses on JET aux. The scaling of confinement in ohmically and auxiliary heated discharges is examined.
The ohmic confinement in the present new JET configuration Belt Limiter is essentially the same as previously. Confinement in auxiliary heated discharges shows presently a slight improvement since Both ohmic and non-ohmic data is used in a set of confinement time regression analyses and certain constraints derived from theory are imposed. There are some reports showing isolated cases of drusen regression after pars plana vitrectomy ppV with peeling of the internal limiting membrane iLM.
Drusen characteristics after iLM peeling was investigated in this study. The data of patients who had received iLM peeling between and were retrospectively collected and those patients with retinal drusen were selected for the study. Fundus photographs before and after vitrectomy due to a macular hole or epiretinal gliosis were compared and drusen arrangement in the peeling site was analyzed. The aim of the study was to show whether there was drusen regression months after surgery.
The results of this study could not confirm some reports showing drusen regression after iLM peeling in the peeling site in general and there was only one single case of central drusen regression. Electrical characteristics of an ideal tokamak limiter.
The intrusion of an equipotential poloidal limiter into the edge plasma of a circular tokamak discharge distorts the axisymmetry in several ways: 1 it partially shorts out the top-to-bottom Pfirsch-Schlueter potentials, 2 it creates zones of reversed equilibrium current flow into the limiter , and 3 it generates an electrostatic field opposing the loop current. The resulting boundary mismatch between the outer layers and the inner axisymmetric Pfirsch-Schlueter layer increases the free energy available to drive the edge plasma unstable.
A number of special limiters are proposed to symmetrize the edge plasma and thereby reduce the electrical and MHD activity in the boundary layer. Limitations and corrections in measuring dynamic characteristics of structural systems. The work deals with limitations encountered in measuring the dynamic characteristics of structural systems.
Structural loading and response are measured by transducers possessing multiple resonant frequencies in their transfer function. In transient environments, the resultant signals from these transducers are shown to be analytically unpredictable in amplitude level and frequency content.
Data recorded during nuclear effects simulation testing on structures are analyzed. Results of analysis can be generalized to any structure which encounters dynamic loading. Methods to improve the recorded data are described which can be implemented on a frequency selective basis during the measurement process.
These improvements minimize data distortion attributable to the transfer characteristics of the measuring transducers. Since , the environment programme of the IAEA has included activities aimed at developing a set of procedures for analytical measurements of radionuclides in food and the environment. Reliable, comparable and fit for purpose results are essential for any analytical measurement.
Guidelines and national and international standards for laboratory practices to fulfil quality assurance requirements are extremely important when performing such measurements. The guidelines and standards should be comprehensive, clearly formulated and readily available to both the analyst and the customer.
ISO is the international standard on the determination of the characteristic limits decision threshold, detection limit and limits of the confidence interval for measuring ionizing radiation.
For nuclear analytical laboratories involved in the measurement of radioactivity in food and the environment, robust determination of the characteristic limits of radioanalytical techniques is essential with regard to national and international regulations on permitted levels of radioactivity. However, characteristic limits defined in ISO are complex, and the correct application of the standard in laboratories requires a full understanding of various concepts.
This publication provides additional information to Member States in the understanding of the terminology, definitions and concepts in ISO , thus facilitating its implementation in Member State laboratories. Limiting characteristics of the superconducting fault current limiter applied to the neutral line of conventional transformer.
Also, the high performance and the high precision electric appliances that sensitive to switching surge and fault current expose vulnerability of reduced life span and increased fault occurrence ratio. Therefore, this thesis analyzed the fault limiting characteristics by the fault types by applying the superconducting fault current limiter to the neutral line of the transformer in order to reduce the fault currents that flow such high performance appliances.
A current transformer CT that detects the fault current in the simulated power distribution system, a switching control system that is self-developed and a transformer are used in constructing a circuit.
When a fault occurs, the initial fault current is restricted by the superconducting fault current limiter and simultaneously detours the fault current by operating the SCR contact of the switching control system through the detection by CT.
This thesis analyzed the limiting characteristics of the superconducting fault current limiter that are applied to the neutral line of the transformer by the fault types. Disruption characteristics in PDX with limiter and divertor discharges. A comparison has been made between the characteristics of disruptions with limiter and divertor configurations in PDX.
A large data base on disruptions has been collected over four years of machine operation, and a total of 15, discharges are contained in the data file. It was found that divertor discharges have less disruptions during ramp up and flattop of the plasma current. However, for divertor discharges a large number of fast, low current disruptions take place during the current ramp down.
These disruptions are probably caused by the deformation of the plasma shape. Plasma characteristics in FTU with different limiter materials. Apicella, M. Over the last several years, a great deal of effort has been devoted to solve the problem of power and particle handling in divertors, which has been recognised as a critical issue for the operation of a magnetic fusion reactor.
In particular the choice of materials for plasma facing components has been examined in view of developing heat and erosion resistant materials for divertor target plates.
A large data base on the behaviour of low materials in Tokamak is available, while for high Z materials there is little experience in present generation of magnetic fusion devices. FTU, a high field compact Tokamak, has devoted part of its experimental campaign to study the plasma characteristics when its limiter material is changed from the usual Inconel to molybdenum and tungsten.
In this work results are reported concerning the plasma operation, the difference in plasma characteristics and radiation losses, the impurity generation mechanisms and their relative concentrations in the core plasma. A simulation of the experimental results, made with a self-consistent edge-core coupled model is presented, in order to put in evidence the main physics mechanisms responsible for the observed behaviour. Visual categorization appears both effortless and virtually instantaneous.
The study by Thorpe et al. With such strong processing time constraints, it was difficult to escape the conclusion that rapid visual categorization was relying on massively parallel, essentially feed-forward processing of visual information. Since , we have conducted a large number of studies to determine the characteristics and limits of fast visual categorization.
The present chapter will review some of the main results obtained. I will argue that rapid object categorizations in natural scenes can be done without focused attention and are most likely based on coarse and unconscious visual representations activated with the first available magnocellular visual information.
Fast visual processing proved efficient for the categorization of large superordinate object or scene categories, but shows its limits when more detailed basic representations are required. The representations for basic objects dogs, cars or scenes mountain or sea landscapes need additional processing time to be activated.
This finding is at odds with the widely accepted idea that such basic representations are at the entry level of the system. Interestingly, focused attention is still not required to perform these time consuming basic categorizations. Finally we will show that object and context processing can interact very early in an ascending wave of visual information processing. We will discuss how such data could result from our experience with a highly structured and predictable surrounding world that shaped neuronal visual selectivity.
Quality assurance of nuclear analytical techniques based on Bayesian characteristic limits. Based on Bayesian statistics, characteristic limits such as decision threshold, detection limit and confidence limits can be calculated taking into account all sources of experimental uncertainties. This approach separates the complete evaluation of a measurement according to the ISO Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement from the determination of the characteristic limits.
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Early-formed preconceptions can be explained by one of the intuitive rules identified by Stavy and Tirosh called "More A-More B". By starting with students' preconceptions, revealed through the use of a formative assessment probe, teachers can scaffold inquiry-based experiences that will confront children with their misconceptions and guide…. The need for active orbital debris remediation has increasingly gained acceptance throughout the space community throughout the last decade as the threat to our assets has also increased. While there have been a wide variety of conceptual solutions proposed, a debris removal system has yet to be put in place. The challenges that stand in the way of action are formidable and range from technical to political to economic. The AMORE concept is a nascent technique that has the potential to address these challenges and bring active debris remediation into reality. The advantage of this technique over other proposed concepts is that it does not require delta-V intensive rendezvous, has an effective range that allows daily access to hundreds of debris objects, and does not create policy concerns over violation of international treaties.
Limites Caracteristicos. The problem of the detection or when the radioactivity can be considered as higher than the background using different measurement techniques has been the objective of several statistical studies and controversies. The detection limit and the critical limit were studied by Currie in year and used by radiochemistry laboratories considering different ways of calculation that introduced confusion and not correct implementations. In the last few years, and due to the increasing number of standardization processes on the field of radioactivity and accreditation, several international institutions have chosen to unify the criteria for using common determination of detection limits. In this report are summarised both standards doing a comparative study and giving some examples of how to apply these limits. In same cases, little differences in the uncertainty calculation have been observed but the final results have been concordant. Author 17 refs.