FOREGROUNDING IN STYLISTICS PDF

The words ' foreground ' and ' foregrounding ' are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways. The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. The other words are black but they are multi colour ed. The other words are visually stable but they are irregular.

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In literary studies and stylistics , foregrounding is a the linguistic strategy of calling attention to certain language features in order to shift the reader's attention from what is said to how it is said.

Linguist M. The study of literary stylistics or distinctive styles in writing looks at the role of foregrounding by analyzing the effect that it has on a piece as a whole.

In other words, how does foregrounding impact the composition of a piece and the experience of readers? These excerpts from scholarly writing on the subject attempt to define this.

Tomlin, that looks at the device on a much smaller scale. There are clauses which convey the most central or important ideas in text, those propositions which should be remembered. And there are clauses which, in one way or another, elaborate on the important ideas, adding specificity or contextual information to help in the interpretation of the central ideas. The clauses which convey the most central or important information are called foregrounded clauses, and their propositional content is foreground information.

The clauses which elaborate the central propositions are called backgrounded clauses, and their propositional content is background information. So, for example, the boldfaced clause in the text fragment below conveys foregrounded information while the italicized clauses convey background. This fragment was produced by an individual recalling action she witnessed in a brief animated film Tomlin Clause 1 conveys foregrounded information because it relates the critical proposition for the discourse at this point: the location of the 'smaller fish.

Share Flipboard Email. Richard Nordquist. English and Rhetoric Professor. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks.

Updated January 14, Whether the foregrounded pattern deviates from a norm, or whether it replicates a pattern through parallelism , the point of foregrounding as a stylistic strategy is that it should acquire salience in the act of drawing attention to itself," Simpson Poetic metaphor , a type of semantic deviation, is the most important instance of this type of foregrounding," Childs and Fowler Childs, Peter, and Roger Fowler.

The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms. Routledge, Halliday, M. Explorations in the Functions of Language. Elsevier Science Ltd. Edward Arnold, Peter Lang, Stylistics: A Resource Book for Students. Tomlin, Russell S. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our.

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Foregrounding

Foregrounding is a widely-used term in text analysis, literary linguistics and stylistics, referring to patterns of language that stand out in a text. The term itself is derived from art and film criticism, and is best understood by a visual analogy. In this image, the houses are foregrounded against the background of the city. They are foregrounded because they:.

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What Is Foregrounding?

In literary studies and stylistics , foregrounding is a the linguistic strategy of calling attention to certain language features in order to shift the reader's attention from what is said to how it is said. Linguist M. The study of literary stylistics or distinctive styles in writing looks at the role of foregrounding by analyzing the effect that it has on a piece as a whole. In other words, how does foregrounding impact the composition of a piece and the experience of readers? These excerpts from scholarly writing on the subject attempt to define this. Tomlin, that looks at the device on a much smaller scale.

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Foregrounding, Deviation and Parallelism

Foregrounding is a concept in literary studies concerning making a linguistic utterance word, clause, phrase, phoneme, etc. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a 'secondary norm' [4] or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a 'primary norm' [5]. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language [6] phonology , graphology , morphology , lexis , syntax , semantics and pragmatics. Especially the essay 'Art as Technique' Iskusstvo kak priem by Victor Shklovsky proved to be highly influential in laying the basis of an anthropological theory of literature. To quote from his essay: "And art exists that one may recover the sensation of life; it exists to make one feel things, to make the stone stony.

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