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Register Login. Edit Page. Review in Process. The leaves are cm long and 5. The upper surface of leaf is wrinkled, glabrate when mature, white tomentose beneath with compound stellate hairs.
The main lateral nerves are pairs. Petiole is 0. Floral Characteristics Flowers appear in July-November are small, 0. Flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic and fragrant. Calyx 4 or rarely 5 toothed, pubescent, corolla infundibular, 4 or rarely 5 lobed.
Ovary is superior, 4 lobed, 4 loculed, 1 ovule in each locule, style short, stigma 2 lobed. Fruit is drupe and white containing one seeded nutlets.
Distribution The plant is distributed throughout NorthEastern India upto m msl Climate and Soil The plant grows in dry tropical forests including shaded places of ravines and scrub forests.
Propagation Material The planting material is seed. Propagules are also raised through stem-cuttings. Row to row distance should be of 50 cm and plant to plant is 25 cm. Seeds germinate after days and stem cuttings sprout after days. Planting in the Field Land Preparation and Manure Application : The field should be ploughed two or three times to have the fine tilth to facilitate planting and sprouting of stem cuttings.
Intercropping : Crop can be raised as sole crop for commercial purpose and mixed crop with vegetable and other medicinal plants i. Intercultural Operations : It is done after days and second at days. Irrigation : It is a rainfed crop. Weed Control : The initial growth of the crop may be hampered because of increased infestation of weeds. Therefore, weeding and hoeing should be done whenever needed. Disease and Pest Control: No visible symptoms of any pest and diseases have been recorded.
The mature fruits are plucked during second year in November-December. Post-harvest Management : After plucking of fruits, these are dried in shade and kept in air tight vessels. Chemical Constituents : Leaves contain ursolic acid, oleanolic acid; bark contains methyl betulinate and baurenol. Heart wood contains oleanolic acid and B-sitosterol.
Yield : One hectare plantation gives yield of dried-fruits kg and kg of dry roots. Therapeutic Uses In Ayurvedic literature, Priyangu is described as cooling, refrigerant, deodorant and antipyretic, tones up the digestive system, checks excessive perspiration, disinfects intestines, controls diarrhoea and allays burning sensation during fevers. Leaves are applied in rheumatic joints. Oil from root is aromatic. Source :Agro-techniques of Selected Medicinal Plants.
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Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla: Uses, Research, Remedies
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Priyangu — Callicarpa macrophylla is an Ayurveda coolant herb used for the treatment of headache, diarrhea mixed with blood Ulcerative colitis , general debility, fever, pain in the joints, skin diseases etc. Latin name- Callicarpa Macrophylla Vahl. Family- Verbenaceae. Morphology of Callicarpa macrophylla: Priyangu is a perineal shrub growing up to 2m height found in North eastern parts of India and at ft in Himalayan region. Branches have hairy like cotton structure. The leaves are 18 to 30 cm long ovate as lanceolate, smooth from upper surface and hairy from ventral surface. The flowers are small, pink appears in florescence, some are purple or pinkish purple in color.