Rudolf Bultmann, a highly acclaimed New Testament scholar, was born in the former German state of Oldenburg. His theological training, which began at the University of Tubingen in , was subsequently carried out at the universities of Marburg and Berlin. In the course of his distinguished teaching career, brief appointments at the Universities of Marburg , Breslau , and Giessen were followed by a lengthy tenure at Marburg that put him in close association with the existentialist philosopher Martin Heidegger. Already enamored of Herrmann's insight that theology must engage experience as well as concepts, Bultmann was drawn to Heidegger's understanding of existence with its distinctive emphasis on two modes of being-authenticity and inauthenticity. That perception of the human struggle significantly informed Bultmann's understanding of the New Testament message as a clarion summons to authentic existence.
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As you no doubt recall, scholars frequently divide the quest for the historical Jesus into phases or periods. Conventional wisdom holds that the quest took a breather at that point, with scholars somewhat shell-shocked by the implications of the works by Wrede, Schweitzer, and Karl Ludwig Schmidt. Are they right? Quest , p. Inside, an essay by Joseph B. He writes:. The conception of the gospels as distinct from literary texts was made in the early part of this century, perhaps most convincingly by K.
Schmidt in Hochliteratur is literature that displays some authorial consciousness and some attention to aesthetic style and organization. It is a literary biography, which genre has a strict form, one that emphasizes literary merit often at the expense of historical accuracy.
By contrast, Kleinliteratur is basically folk literature, a form of literature made up of material that had initially circulated orally. A writing of this type is largely a compilation of unconnected traditions. Exactly so. Schmidt identified a combination of key attributes — lack of authorial presence, the disjointed narrative, etc.
Posted 6pm. Every so often scholars stumble over evidence that what they are reading in the Gospels is based not on historical events but on theological creativity but they never seem to mind. Even Dale C. The point is that even though Spong argued Gospel stories were not historical memories, he nonetheless insisted that there was a historical foundation to them all.
Dennis MacDonald has argued that many scenarios in the Gospel of Mark are adaptations of scenes in the Homeric epics but he, too, makes a point of explicitly stating that he does not believe Jesus himself is a fiction. If our earliest record of an event is legend then on what grounds do we decide not to question its historicity? Meyer, Ursprung u.
Anfaenge d. Indeed Acts 10 37f , 13 24f. So my recent post about three modern scholars who are sceptical about the historicity of the baptism of Jesus by John — Bill Arnal, Leif E.
Vaage and Burton Mack — are nothing novel. So the scholarly doubt is at least as old as Thank you for this careful and engaged reading of my work — much appreciated! I find your blog most interesting and appreciate your ongoing effort to keep to the evidence for the issues discussed!
Thompson , — April I still wonder at all the material you turn out for Vridar. Your voice is unique. This post is going straight to the March Biblical Studies Carnival. In fact, Godfrey is extremely well read and his librarian skills have brought many important academic works to my attention. Raphael Lataster — August But I have often been impressed with their grasp of logic and analysis of scholarship.
It reflects well on you. I know of no other site which offers a wide range of topics related to careful critical analysis of historically and scripturally related issues. This oversight has been corrected. Looking forward to more segments. Your clarity of expression, fair comments and personal insights are much valued. I refer to your site frequently as yet more names and publications pop up requiring an academic critique and helpful recommendations for book purchases.
So, please continue to delve deeply and share this intellectual sustenance with your grateful readers. There are intelligent, thoughtful comments and commenters regularly offering productive discussion. Please carry on. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address.
Vridar Musings on biblical studies, politics, religion, ethics, human nature, tidbits from science. Albert Schweitzer, Photo credit: Wikipedia Dazed and confused As you no doubt recall, scholars frequently divide the quest for the historical Jesus into phases or periods. Like this: Like Loading He writes: The conception of the gospels as distinct from literary texts was made in the early part of this century, perhaps most convincingly by K.
I could almost weep. But even more intriguing is an attached footnote that reads: 2 I cannot share the scepticism of E. What they say about Vridar. Good job. Subscribe to Vridar. Follow Vridar on Facebook. Recent Comments. Steve Ruis on Is Religion for the Gullible? I think M. Powered by WordPress. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.
The History of the Synoptic Tradition
The history of the synoptic tradition. Rudolf Karl Bultmann. Biographical Apophthegms. Streeter Baptist belong bottom add Capernaum character characteristic Christian context controversy dialogues demon Dibelius Formg disciples dominical saying editing editorial end of paragraph eschatological evangelists example Fiebig formulation Fridrichsen further Gesch Gleichn Goguel Gospel healing Hellenistic historical inserted interpretation introduction Jeremias Jerusalem Jewish judgement kccI Klostermann kocI legend literary Lohmeyer Luke's Maerchen Mandaean Mark Mark's material Matt Matthew and Luke meaning Messiah ministry of Jesus miracle stories motif narrative original outcos Palestinian Palestinian Church parable paragraph 2 add parallel Parousia passages Passover Peter Pharisees possible prophecy prophetic proverb question Rabbinic reference rightly saying of Jesus scene secondary Similarly similitude sons of Zebedee Strack-B Synoptic Synoptic Gospels tcov Tfjs thinks tion top add tradition variant W.
History of the Synoptic Tradition
As you no doubt recall, scholars frequently divide the quest for the historical Jesus into phases or periods. Conventional wisdom holds that the quest took a breather at that point, with scholars somewhat shell-shocked by the implications of the works by Wrede, Schweitzer, and Karl Ludwig Schmidt. Are they right? Quest , p. Inside, an essay by Joseph B.