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Saint Augustine was born to a Catholic mother and a pagan father on November 13, , at Thagaste, near Algiers. He studied Latin literature and later taught rhetoric in Rome and Milan. He originally joined the Manicheans, a religious sect, but grew unhappy with some of their philosophies. After his conversion to Christianity and his baptism in , Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and different perspectives.
He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, and he framed the concepts of original sin and just war. His thoughts greatly influenced the medieval worldview. One of Augustine's major goals was a single, unified church. He was ordained a priest in and appointed Bishop of Hippo, in Roman Africa, in Augustine was one of the most prolific Latin authors in terms of surviving works, and the list of his works consists of more than one hundred separate titles.
His writings and arguments with other sects include the Donatists and the Pelagians. Confessions, which is considered his masterpiece, is an autobiographical work that recounts his restless youth and details the spiritual experiences that led him to Christianity.
Many of Augustine's ideas, such as those concerning sin and predestination, became integral to the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church.
In the Catholic Church he is a saint and pre-eminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, and theologians. Augustine died on August 28, Augustine , Saint Augustine.
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The Retractions (Fathers of the Church 60)
In his old age Augustine was wise enough to re-examine all of his writings. Imagine Augustine as an old man in the year At the age of seventy-two years he has probably lived for double the average life expectancy of persons of his time. He is seated at his writing table, knowing that his death cannot be far off.
Augustine of Hippo bibliography
The Augustine of Hippo bibliography contains a list of works published by fourth-century Christian bishop and theologian Augustine of Hippo. Augustine was one of the most prolific Latin authors in terms of surviving works, and the list of his works consists of more than one hundred separate titles. Apart from those, Augustine is probably best known for his Confessions , which is a personal account of his earlier life, and for De civitate dei The City of God , consisting of 22 books , which he wrote to restore the confidence of his fellow Christians, which was badly shaken by the sack of Rome by the Visigoths in His On the Trinity , in which he developed what has become known as the 'psychological analogy' of the Trinity , is also among his masterpieces, and arguably one of the greatest theological works of all time. Chronology of Augustine's work is in many cases uncertain; dates here in some cases represent scholarly guesses. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.