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At the time of this discovery, the genus Australopithecus was scientifically well established, so White devised the genus name Ardipithecus to distinguish this new genus from Australopithecus. Paleoanthropologists are constantly in the field, excavating new areas with groundbreaking technology, and continually filling in some of the gaps about our understanding of human evolution.

Below are some of the still unanswered questions about Ardipithecus ramidus that may be answered with future discoveries :. White, T. Australopithecus ramidus , a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia.

Nature , Lovejoy, C. Reexamining human origins in light of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science , e8. The great divides: Ardipithecus ramidus reveals the postcrania of our last common ancestors with African apes.

Science , Ardipithecus ramidus and the paleobiology of early hominids. Science, , Ardipithecus ramidus individuals were most likely omnivores, which means they enjoyed more generalized diet of both plants, meat, and fruit. The enamel on Ar.

If the enamel was thick, it would mean Ar. Instead, A. However, the wear pattern and incisor sizes indicate Ar. Over specimens of Ardipithecus ramidus have been recovered in Ethiopia. A partial skeleton of a female, known as "Ardi", combines human and other primate traits.

Ardi moved in the trees using a grasping big toe, yet her pelvis was shorter and broader than an ape's, indicating that she could walk bipedally. Species Ardipithecus ramidus. Slideshows Videos Audio. Ardipithecus ramidus. The pelvis was reconstructed from crushed fossils and, according to some scientists, is only suggestive of bipedalism. What is the average size of male Ar. If more fossils support the original finding of relatively low sexual dimorphism , how does this relate to male and female size differences in other early humans at the base of our family tree -- and what does it mean?

First paper: White, T. Other recommended readings: Gibbons, A. A new kind of ancestor: Ardipithecus unveiled. How do we know they were omnivores? Read more about this fossil. Page last updated: January 10,


Ardipithecus ramidus

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Ardipithecus ramidus and the paleobiology of early hominids.

Ardipithecus ramidus is a species of australopithecine from the Afar region of Early Pliocene Ethiopia 4. However, it would not have been as efficient at bipedality as humans, nor at arboreality as non-human great apes. Its discovery, along with Miocene apes, has reworked academic understanding of the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor from appearing much like modern day chimps , orangutans , and gorillas to being a creature without a modern anatomical cognate. The facial anatomy suggests that A. It has also been suggested that it was among the earliest of human ancestors to use some proto-language, possibly capable of vocalizing at the same level as a human infant. The first remains were described in by American anthropologist Tim D.


Hominid fossils predating the emergence of Australopithecus have been sparse and fragmentary. The evolution of our lineage after the last common ancestor we shared with chimpanzees has therefore remained unclear. Ardipithecus ramidus, recovered in ecologically and temporally resolved contexts in Ethiopia's Afar Rift, now illuminates earlier hominid paleobiology and aspects of extant African ape evolution. More than specimens recovered from 4.

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